How-to-tell-if-you-re-an-entrepreneur-video--1627b95e05

Starting a business is not for everyone. You need a strong constitution and the ability to face failure. Because if statistics are any guide, you will likely fail.

But the web makes it easier for first-time entrepreneurs to tap into that spirit of risk. What do these go-getters have in common? They likely started a “business” in childhood (a lemonade stand, a paper route, etc.). They’ve likely used their own money to fund their dreams (and are likely to have maxed-out credit cards, as a result). And they are less averse to risk than the average human.

Check out this video by OnlineMBA.com for insight into the mind of the entrepreneur.

Thumbnail image courtesy of iStockphoto, morganl

Read more: http://mashable.com/2012/08/30/entrepreneur-video/

Shrouded in mystery, ninjas have almost become more of an idea than an actual warrior. Hundreds of years ago though, in feudal Japan, ninjas were very active and very real. Not always good guys, not always bad guys, they were somewhat of a mercenary group carrying out assassinations and espionage for the highest bidder. Today, much of what we know about them is in fact little more than legend. If you’re not up to date, however, allow us to enlighten you. Here are 25 things you didn’t know about ninjas.

25. Ninjas tell time like bosses

Apart from the obvious skill of using the stars to tell time, apparently ninjas believed that the eyes of a cat are super sensitive. In fact, they believed them to be so sensitive that the cat’s eyes would reflect the movement of the sun and allow them to tell what time of the day it was. Of course just looking at the sun would be simpler, but would it be as cool?

24. Ninjas don’t get lost

In some ways ninjas are like boy scouts, they use seemingly useless things like tree stumps and Spanish moss to figure out other seemingly useless things like which way north is. Thus they can always figure out where they are at.

23. Ninjas rest on top of trees

There’s not much to really say about this one. They’re ninjas. It’s what they do.

22. Ninjas are survivalists

Trained since birth to survive on nothing but the skin of their teeth, ninjas know which berries are edible and they can find water by observing crazy things like ant behavior.

21. Ninjas carry crickets in their pocket

What better way to cover your already muffled footsteps than having a box of crickets chirping away in your pocket? In feudal Japan, those annoying insects were everywhere so they made for an assassin’s best friend.

20. Ninjas don’t fight dirty

For being trained assassins, ninjas follow a very serious set of rules. For example, a group of ninjas would never gang up on their victim but rather fight one at a time in order to maintain honor…and not get made fun of by other ninjas for being a wimp.

19. Ninjas take training seriously

When training, ninjas group off into different colors. A ninja has to stay with his color at all times otherwise they get kicked repeatedly as punishment. If you think that’s unnecessary, consider that they must always wear their tabi boots, even when they are sleeping.

18. Ninjas carry cooler weapons than the shuriken

Aside from the usual four-pointed stars and arrows dipped in poison, ninjas use some other pretty crazy stuff too. The ‘ashiko’ are spiked claws that can be worn on the feet and are used to climb faster and deliver deadly kicks while the ‘bo’ is a staff made from bamboo or hardwood which can be used to launch a poison-tipped dart or even a small knife.

17. Ninjas don’t make noise when they walk

Ninjas are like noise black holes. In fact, some say that the quieter your surroundings get the more ninjas are present.

16. Ninjas use poison…a lot

It shouldn’t be surprising considering their job description but ninjas are like the MacGyvers of poison. They could figure out a way to get something poisonous out of an apple peel if they had to. That may be a slight exaggeration but you get the point.

15. Ninjas wear black (usually)

Ok, so you knew that, but did you know that the uniform they wear is called ashinobi shozoko?

14. Ninjas make signs with their hands

They believed that making various signs with their hands allowed them to channel energy, kind of like gang signs -ninja style.

13. Ninjas use fake footprints

In order to avoid detection, ninjas would actually attach “ashiaro”, or fake footprints” to their boots that would make people think they were a small child or elderly person.

12. Ninjas invented their own flashlight

Well, it was really just a candle but they covered it up and cut a slit in one end of the covering in order to let out a beam of light that they could control. Apparently they were ahead of their time in illumination technology.

11. Ninjas always know where north is

We’ve been over this already, but it’s just that important. Theyalwaysknow where north is. They could find it blindfolded upside down on a spaceship spinning out of control.

10. Ninjas like to surf

Ok, not really, but they do have some pretty cool ways of getting across bodies of water using various inflatable raft and shoe type devices.

9. Ninjas use everything they have

Ifthey don’t have it, they improvise. In fact, almost everything they carry can either be used to survive something or to kill somebody-usually both.

8. Ninjas carry bombs

No, not like terrorists. Think Batman. They’re more like flash bangs that distract their enemies while the ninja disappears into thin air.

7. Ninjas are feared for their powers

It’s all smoke and mirrors, but if you have enough smoke you can make people believe anything, including the fact that you can disappear.

6. Sometimes girls are ninjas

Known as “kunoichi” these female ninjas were often employed for their murderous charm. They would get close with their enemies and then destroy them ninja style.

5. Ninjas had clan leaders

As you know, groups of ninjas were called clans. Each clan had a leader and that leader was often the source of numerous legends and statues. Lots and lots of statues.

4. Ninja school today

Apparently ninjas still exist and if you feel like the traditional college path isn’t for you, heck, ninja assassin could be a viable option.

3. Ninjas were called Shinobi

Although you may know them as ninjas, their unfortunate victims knew them as the shinobi (the original pronunciation). The word basically means “to steal away”.

2. Samurais vs Ninjas

Whileboth were warriors of feudal Japan, samurais were noblemen who followed the Bushido code of fighting while ninjas were recruited from the lower socio-economic class. They also differed in their loyalties as samurais typically served the emperor while ninjas could be hired by anyone who needed their services.

1. Ninjas loved cookies

No, they didn’t have a sweet tooth but they did eat a lot of calorie rich cookies known as katayaki while they were traveling through the woods or searching for their victims. It was something like modern day power bars.

Read more: http://list25.com/25-things-you-didnt-know-about-ninjas/

Imagine rocking up to a party in a flying car. That’d be the dream. The idea has been around for a while now and we’ve been teased with futuristic designs many times, but it seemed unlikely that we’d be cruising around in our own batmobiles any time soon. But a Slovakia-based company is now tantalizingly close to making our childhood dreams a reality, having developed a fully functional prototype.

AeroMobil unveiled their car/plane hybrid, AeroMobil 3.0, at the Pioneers Festival in Vienna on October 29. They boasted that their swanky flying roadster only took 10 months to produce, which is pretty impressive to say the least.

Like a transformer, the limousine-sized vehicle can morph from plane to car with the touch of a button, in just two minutes. When the wings are folded, it could easily fit into existing road infrastructure. What’s more, it runs on gasoline instead of kerosene, so owners can fill them up at regular gas stations.

In car form, it can reach speeds of 160 km/h, and as a plane it can travel at 200 km/h. To be used as a plane, all that is required is 250 meters of runway or grass for takeoff, and 50 meters for landing. It’s small enough to be stored in a garage, too, so no need for a hangar. Because it’s so annoying when you have to store your private jet away from home, of course.

Aeromobil.

Unfortunately, a normal driver’s license isn’t enough to be able to drive this thing. It’s the equivalent of a light-sport aircraft, so you’d need to get a sport pilot license.

Pilots have been testing out the vehicle since October this year, but it still needs some tinkering. Although it’s very close to the final product, which will be made using the same materials, the team won’t give us any ideas on when it will likely arrive on the market.

“There’s a lot of things before us,” AeroMobil CCO Stefan Vadocz told Motherboard, “but we will be working hard to do those as efficiently as possible to bring the vehicle to the market.”

Read more: http://www.iflscience.com/technology/awesome-flying-car-prototype-unveiled

1. Legend has it a 9th-century Ethiopian goat herder discovered coffee by accident when he noticed how crazy the beans were making his goats.

2. New Yorkers drink almost 7 times more coffee than other cities in the US.

3. Coffee is a psychoactive. And at high doses it can make you see things… It can also kill you…

4. The lethal dose of caffeine is roughly 100 cups of coffee.

5. A French doctor in the 1600s suggested Cafe Au Laits for patients, inspiring people to begin adding milk to coffee.

6. The French philosopher Voltaire is said to have drank 50 cups of coffee a day. Because he ruled.

7. Espresso is regulated by the Italian government because it is considered an essential part of their daily life

8. Hawaii is the only state that commercially grows coffee. And this is what it looks like:

9. In the ancient Arab culture there was only one way a woman could legally divorce: If her husband didn’t provide enough coffee.

10. Coffee beans are actually the pit of a berry, which makes them a fruit. The best fruit.

11. IMPORTANT TO KNOW: Brewed espresso has 2.5% fat, while filtered coffee contains 0.6% fat.

12. Johan Sebastian Bach wrote an opera about a woman who was addicted to coffee.

13. We’re not going to tell you how, but there is a way to brew coffee with marijuana in it and it is described as producing a “dreamy” kind of coffee buzz.

14. Unlike the hip 20-something Baristas in the US, in Italy the average Barista age is 48, and it is a very respected profession.

15. Want to know the history of the word “coffee”? Well here it is:

16. In the 1600s there was a controversy over whether or not Catholics could drink coffee, luckily Pope Clement VIII said it was okay.

17. No matter what people tell you, caffeine cannot help you sober up.

18. The first webcam was invented at The University of Cambridge to let people know if the coffee pot was full or not.

19. There is a spa in Japan that lets you bathe in coffee, tea, or wine. I wouldn’t drink it though…

20. This is the most expensive drink at Starbucks: $23.50, with 16 shots of espresso or 1400mg of caffeine.

21. Before coffee caught on in the US in the 1700s, beer was breakfast drink of choice. Which is only slightly less awesome.

22. Irish coffee was actually invented to warm up cold American plane passengers leaving from Ireland.

23. And lastly, Teddy Roosevelt is and was the greatest American coffee drinker, consuming a gallon a day. But you probably shouldn’t attempt to do that.

Read more: http://buzzfeed.com/ryanhatesthis/23-facts-about-coffee-the-worlds-most-important

Your next car is going to be something incredible.

1. Built-in 4G LTE Wi-Fi hotspots for always staying connected on the road.

Buick

Why It’s Cool: A growing number of manufacturers like Buick, GMC, and Chevrolet are including built-in 4G LTE hotspots in their cars, allowing drivers to use their phones, tablets, and laptops without having to use their expensive data or pull over to the nearest Starbucks. Just don’t try to use your tech while driving, please.

2. Cameras that see everything around your car, not just behind it.

Infiniti

Why It’s Cool: While more cars nowadays are coming with rear-view cameras, companies like Ford and Infiniti are including cameras that allow drivers to see everything else around their car when driving. In fact, these futuristic cameras also come with sensors to actually inform you when you’re about to hit something, saving you the confrontation and guilt.

3. Trunks that automatically open even if your hands are full.

View this embed ›

Why It’s Cool: It’s always a nightmare trying to open your trunk when your hands are full with groceries or beach stuff; you usually end up trying to kick your trunk open or do some awkward hand dance move to make it work. The 2015 Kia Sedona helps you out by automatically opening your trunk when it detects your smart key in your pocket, and is even programmable for safety and easy access.

Kia

4. Windows that clean themselves and deflect liquid automatically.

Kia

Why It’s Cool: Kia and other car makers are actively featuring “hydrophobic” windows for its 2015 and 2016 car models, which is coated glass that stops stuff like rain, dirt, and other debris from even touching your precious windows. It’s like built-in Rain-X for your ride, without the need to apply it yourself.

5. A built-in vacuum for spontaneous spills and cleaning spells.

Honda

Why It’s Cool: Car lovers are definitely familiar with Shop-Vac, which makes efficient vacuums for any vehicle out there. The 2014 and 2015 Honda Odyssey capitalizes on that love and actually includes a built-in vacuum with a long range hose for people who are interested in keeping everything clean all the time.

6. NASA-approved car seats that prevent fatigue on long drives.

Nissan

Why It’s Cool: Road trip-inflicted sore butts can make the best of us cranky. To counter this tragedy, the surprising duo of Nissan and NASA teamed up to develop “zero gravity” seats that keep you in a natural posture, while comforting your muscles and spines with cushioning. That’s true space-age technology.

7. Car seats that can actually give you a massage while being heated or cooled.

View this embed ›

Why It’s Cool: Being able to warm or cool car seats in cars like the 2015 Kia Sedona and 2015 Ford Edge is awesome. Mercedes-Benz’s line of S-Class cars takes it to the next level and has six massage modes built into the car seat, including “hot stone” and “workout” massage modes for feeling relaxed and invigorated after those long days.

Mercedes-Benz USA

8. Lighter cars, thanks to the use of military-grade aluminum.

Wikimedia Commons

Why It’s Cool: These days, the concept of a “light car” doesn’t just apply to those cute little smart vehicles you see roaming around the mall. Take a truck like the 2015 Ford F-150, which is 700 pounds lighter, or even Honda’s already light Fit hatchback which is 57 pounds lighter. This is thanks to the use of next-generation aluminum, which make cars more durable, more gas efficient, and easier to control.

9. Brakes and cameras that automatically keep you in the center of the lane.

Honda

Why It’s Cool: Everyone sometimes finds themself getting a bit too close to that yellow line. Thankfully, new versions of the Ford Fusion, Toyota Prius, and Lincoln MKZ have a feature called “lane centering,” which uses onboard cameras and the brakes to gently nudge your car into the center of a lane.

10. Cars that recognize traffic light changes and count down until the next green light.

Audi / Via Autoblog.com

Why It’s Cool: We spend at least 38 hours a year stuck in traffic, and that usually involves a lot of time looking at stoplights. Throughout the next few years, Audi is going to roll out a traffic light information system which will tell drivers how long until the next green light and also tell you fast or slow they should go to get to the next green light, all in one system.

11. Heated wiper blades that melt ice and snow to keep everything clear.

Thermalblade

Why It’s Cool: Winter drivers know the pain and agony of having to deal with the snow messing their vision up. It’s not a fun thing, but companies like Everblade and Thermalblade make affordable wiper blades that make quick work of ice and snow to make sure you never have to break out the squeegee yourself.

12. Way more gas-efficient engines and motors.

Patrick Emerson (Flickr, Creative Commons)

Why It’s Cool: While the price of gas might be going down recently, most of us agree that the less we have to fill up, the better life is. Cars like the 2015 Chrysler 200 sedan and the 2015 Honda Fit are starting to go beyond 30 miles per gallon, while even more beast-y vehicles like the 2015 Ford F-150 have more efficient cylinders to save drivers from heading to the pump too often.

13. Push button shifting for easy adjustments while on the road.

Honda / Via Carmatcher.com

Why It’s Cool: We’ve all been wowed by the push button ignition that has made its way to a number of cars in the past few years, but the 2015 Acura TLX and 2016 Honda Pilot add to the automatic ingenuity by having different buttons for different gears. This frees up more space in the center console, and even allows for different shifting modes for more efficient driving.

14. GPS that automatically analyzes traffic and finds the best way around it.

Pohanka Accura

Why It’s Cool: We can all agree that traffic sucks. Acura’s futuristic Real-Time Traffic feature on the 2016 MDX works with the built-in GPS system to find the best way to get around traffic, while spotting accidents, weather events, and construction on the road. It’s a lot less of a hassle (and safer) than pulling out your phone.

15. A sunfroof that automatically blocks light and lets you see what you want to.

Mercedes-Benz USA

Why It’s Cool: We’ve evolved past the point where sunroofs are only for looking cool and sticking your head out. Mercedes-Benz’s newer SLK models include a new “Magic Sky” sunroof that can be darkened to block out sunroof and UV rays, or lightened to see more of that big, beautiful clear sky.

16. Sensors that learn your driving style and can detect when you’re too tired to drive.

Mercedes-Benz USA

Why It’s Cool: After a long, tiring night, one of the worst decisions you can make is to drive and risk getting into a serious accident. To solve this, car companies like BMW and Mercedes-Benz have developed sensors and systems that learn how you drive and alert you to pull over and take a rest when you start swaying or being reckless.

17. An alternator that recycles energy for your car and saves gas.

Mazda

Why It’s Cool: Renewable energy is awesome, especially when it comes to cars. The 2014 Mazada6 has a technology called i-ELOOP, which stores kinetic energy every time it breaks, converts that energy to electricity, and uses that energy to power headlights, AC systems, and even car audio. That’s less fuel used for a happier you.

18. Access to your Android or iPhone without having to grab them while driving.

Apple

Why It’s Cool: Everyone (your dad, your local police officer, Demi Lovato) has told you to never, ever use your phone while driving. However, Google and Apple have recognized that people need to see information on their phones while driving, and created Android Auto and CarPlay for easy, safe access. Both are being built-in by a ton of car makers into a number of dashboards, but you can also buy a hybrid navigation system with both if you so desire.

19. Built-in night vision and radar detection for avoiding objects and wilderness.

BMW

Why It’s Cool: We’ve all experienced night drives when even your high beams aren’t enough to make you feel secure. But since we live in the future, car manufacturers like BMW and Audi have taken it upon themselves to develop actual night vision dashboard systems that work with sensors and allow you to see wildlife like deer or objects like trash cans in the complete dark.

20. Interfaces that recognize and automatically respond to your voice.

Fiat

Why It’s Cool: While we’re not quite there in terms of a fully talkative car like KITT from Knight Rider, the likes of Chrysler, Dodge, Fiat, Jeep, and more have implemented UConnect voice recognition systems in their 2015 models that respond to your voice for a number of tasks. Asking your car things like “Where is the nearest gas station?” or “How do I get home?” are finally possible and very convenient.

21. Car systems that alert you and automatically brake before a potential accident.

Wikimedia Commons

Why It’s Cool: Safety has always been the main focus for all car makers with each new technology that comes out. In the present day, some cars like the 2015 Honda Accord automatically vibrate your seat or steering wheel when you’re about to hit something from the front, while others like the 2015 Subaru Outback even take it further and automatically brake to stop a collision.

22. Speakers that provide actual surround sound.

Meridian Audio

Why It’s Cool: The one thing that drivers can always count on to keep them sane is their music and speakers, but it seems that there’s a never ending chase to have the best sounds and the deepest bass for the sickest drops. More cars are coming with standard speakers that bring the concert to your ride, with an example being the Land Rover’s Meridian sound system with a whopping 13 speakers, 12 channels, and multiple modes to get all your tunes right.

23. Automatic stop and start engines to save gas during those traffic jams.

Chevrolet

Why It’s Cool: Your car goes through a lot of fuel when it’s not moving in traffic, and some people even go through the measure of stopping their car when things come to a halt. The 2015 Chevy Malibu gets rid of all the guesswork and automatically stops a car if your foot is on the brake pedal during a jam, and restarts the car when your foot is off, saving your gas and saving the environment.

24. High beams that automatically adjust to not blind everyone else on the road.

BMW

Why It’s Cool: Your high beams are necessary when driving in the dark, but you’ve probably made a few people angry by having them on while they drive by in the other lane. BMW and Audi’s laser-powered high beam systems crank the brightness up high when there’s no one in front of you and dim themselves when there’s cars. Now there’s no possible way you can piss someone off with your headlights.

25. Automatic parallel and perpendicular parking systems.

Toyota

Why It’s Cool: If you live in a big city or an urban area in general, finding parking can get tough and usually leads you to the hassle of having to parallel park. Now, however, every company from Toyota to Lexus and Ford to Volvo includes parking assists which find a space and perform a near perfect parallel park maneuver without screwing up anyone’s bumper. This year, car maker Bosch is even gearing up to allow drivers to get out of a car and have vehicles park themselves with the help of an app.

26. Crash detection sensors that get you the help you need, fast.

Ford

Why It’s Cool: A car crash is among the scariest things anyone will go through, and if you’ve ever been in one, trying to signal for help becomes one of the hardest things to do. In the modern age, companies like Ford and GM use cellular connectivity and sensors to dial 911 and send help to where you are. Every second counts.

27. Cars that drive themselves.

Tesla

Why It’s Cool: The holy grail of futuristic car technology is having cars that drive themselves, and the newest version of Tesla’s Model S is right about there with its Autopilot feature. The system uses a camera, radar, and 360 degree sonar sensors to control speed, change lanes, turns, and park automatically. Self-driving cars are going to be among the hottest things in the automotive industry over the next few years, with GM and even Apple rumored to get in on the action.

Read more: http://www.buzzfeed.com/betonnorthshore/futuristic-car-features

In the last 14 years, the 21st century has already offered some incredible additions to the musical theater pantheon. These are the best new musicals, both on and off-Broadway.

43. American Idiot

American Idiot

View this image ›

Bryan Bedder / Getty

Book: Billie Joe Armstrong and Michael MayerMusic: Green DayLyrics: Billie Joe ArmstrongOriginal Broadway cast: John Gallagher Jr. as Johnny, Michael Esper as Will, Mary Faber as Heather, Rebecca Naomi Jones as Whatsername, Christina Sajous as The Extraordinary Girl, Stark Sands as Tunny, Tony Vincent as St. JimmyPerformance dates: April 20, 2010-April 24, 2011

What it’s about: Johnny, Will, and Tunny are three disaffected youths living in Jingletown, USA. While Johnny and Tunny escape to the city, Will is forced to stay behind with his pregnant girlfriend Heather. The city offers new thrills, but Johnny falls into drug abuse and Tunny is recruited and enlists in the army.Why it’s essential: There were rock musicals before American Idiot, but few were as effective at capturing the raw energy that infuses the show. Although the music isn’t original, it’s transformed in its theatrical context. Like the album on which it’s based, American Idiot feels like a time capsule of Bush-era rage and ennui.

42. Legally Blonde

Legally Blonde

View this image ›

Paul Kolnik

Book: Heather HachMusic and lyrics: Laurence O’Keefe and Nell BenjaminOriginal Broadway cast: Laura Bell Bundy as Elle Woods, Richard H. Blake as Warner Huntington III, Christian Borle as Emmett Forrest, Orfeh as Paulette, Michael Rupert as Professor Callahan, Kate Shindle as Vivienne Kensington, Nikki Snelson as Brooke WyndamPerformance dates: April 29, 2007-Oct. 19, 2008

What it’s about: Based on the 2001 film of the same name, Legally Blonde follows Elle Woods, a sorority girl who gets dumped by her boyfriend Warner and ends up following him to Harvard Law School to win him back. She turns out to be adept at the law and ends up defending a woman falsely accused of murder.Why it’s essential: It may not be the deepest musical, but Legally Blonde — like Elle Woods — deserves credit for what it does well. The show is just fun, a pitch-perfect adaptation of the similarly delightful film, and it was the ideal showcase for the bubbly talents of Laura Bell Bundy.

41. Yank!

Yank!

View this image ›

Carol Rosegg

Book: David ZellnikMusic: Joseph ZellnikLyrics: David ZellnikOriginal off-Broadway cast: Nancy Anderson as Women, Jeffry Denman as Artie, Ivan Hernandez as Mitch, Bobby Steggert as Stu, Andrew Durand as Tennessee, Zak Edwards as Melanie, Todd Faulkner as Sarge, Denis Lambert as Lieutenant, Joseph Medeiros as Dream Stu, David Perlman as Rotelli, Christopher Ruth as Professor, Tally Sessions as CzechowskiPerformance dates: Feb. 24, 2010-April 4, 2010

What it’s about: A young man in San Francisco finds an old diary belonging to Stu, who writes about being drafted to fight in World War II back in 1943. Among his fears about combat, Stu has to confront his feelings for fellow soldier Mitch. Working as a photographer for Yank Magazine, Stu discovers a hidden gay world.Why it’s essential: Yank!, which was first performed as a workshop in 2005, was revived off-Broadway in 2010, a time at which DADT was very much part of the national conversation. The music and style evoke a classic 1940s musical, but the timeless themes and military context made it relevant for a modern-day audience.

40. Natasha, Pierre & the Great Comet of 1812

Natasha, Pierre & the Great Comet of 1812

View this image ›

Chad Batka

Book: Dave MalloyMusic and lyrics: Dave MalloyOriginal off-Broadway cast: Brittain Ashford as Sonya, Gelsey Bell as Mary, Blake DeLong as Bolkonsky/Andrey, Amber Gray as Hélène, Ian Lassiter as Dolokhov, Dave Malloy as Pierre, Grace McLean as Marya D, Paul Pinto as Balaga, Phillipa Soo as Natasha, Lucas Steele as AnatolePerformance dates: May 15, 2013-March 2, 2014

What it’s about: Based on Tolstoy’s War and Peace — or rather, one section of the epic Russian novel — Natasha, Pierre & the Great Comet of 1812 sees the titular Natasha romanced by Anatole in 19th century Moscow high society. Complicating matters, Pierre also has eyes for Natasha, much to his despair.Why it’s essential: A musical based on War and Peace is already a tough sell, but add to that the fact that Natasha, Pierre & the Great Comet of 1812 is performed in a tent while the audience eats and drinks, making this an impressively immersive show. Thoroughly unique experiences like this one are few and far between.

39. Once

Once

View this image ›

Joan Marcus

Book: Enda WalshMusic and lyrics: Glen Hansard and Markéta IrglováOriginal Broadway cast: Steve Kazee as Guy, Cristin Milioti as Girl, David Abeles as Eamon, Will Connolly as Andrej, Elizabeth A. Davis as Réza, David Patrick Kelly as Da, Anne L. Nathan as Baruška, Lucas Papaelias as Švec, Andy Taylor as Bank ManagerPerformance dates: March 18, 2012-

What it’s about: A stage adaptation of the 2006 musical film, Once is about an unnamed man and woman who form a musical partnership and fall in love over a few days in Dublin. Sadly, Guy, an unsuccessful busker, and Girl, a Czech immigrant, are both involved with other lovers, and their brief affair goes unconsummated.Why it’s essential: Today’s Broadway loves musical adaptations of films, but Once stands out from the rest. It’s a hauntingly bittersweet show made all the more memorable by its intimate staging, including the stage doubling as a bar during intermission. Like the film, its power lies in being an untraditional love story.

38. Giant

Giant

View this image ›

Joan Marcus

Book: Sybille PearsonMusic and lyrics: Michael John LaChiusaOriginal off-Broadway cast: Kate Baldwin as Leslie, Brian d’Arcy James as Bick, P.J. Griffith as Jett, John Dossett as Bawley, Michelle Pawk as Luz, MacKenzie Mauzy as Lil Luz, Bobby Steggert as Jordy Jr., Jon Fletcher as Bobby Jr./Bobby Sr.Performance dates: Oct. 26, 2012-Dec. 16, 2012

What it’s about: Like the classic 1956 film, Giant is an expansive story based on Edna Ferber’s 1952 novel. It begins in 1922, with cattleman Bick marrying Leslie. Also in love with Leslie is Jett, a handyman who discovers oil on his own. The story covers decades of shifting relationships and changing ideals.Why it’s essential: Giant tests the limits of how long a musical can be, clocking in at an impressive three hours and 45 minutes. Originally presented in three acts, Giant may simply be too much for some, but the show’s length aptly reflects the expansiveness of the plot and of the Texas setting. It’s called Giant for a reason.

37. Adding Machine

Adding Machine

View this image ›

Mark L. Saperstein

Book: Jason Loewith and Joshua SchmidtMusic: Joshua SchmidtLyrics: Jason Loewith and Joshua SchmidtOriginal off-Broadway cast: Cyrilla Baer as Mrs. Zero, Joel Hatch as Mr. Zero, Amy Warren as Daisy Devore, Joe Farrell as Shrdlu, Jeff Still as Boss/Fixer/Charles, Adinah Alexander as Mrs. Two, Niffer Clarke as Mrs. One, Roger E. DeWitt as Mr. Two, Daniel Marcus as Mr. OnePerformance dates: Feb. 25, 2008-July 20, 2008

What it’s about: A musical adaptation of the 1923 Elmer Rice play, an Expressionist classic, Adding Machine is a bit hard to describe. Antihero Mr. Zero learns he has been replaced by an adding machine after 25 years of work, so he kills his boss in revenge. He is tried for murder and hanged — but that’s not the end.Why it’s essential: It’s fitting that an odd Expressionist play would become an odd Expressionist musical. Adding Machine represents the kind of unconventional theater that can find a comfortable home off-Broadway. And the theater community takes notice — the show won the Lucille Ortel Award for Outstanding Musical.

36. A Class Act

A Class Act

View this image ›

Joan Marcus

Book: Linda Kline and Lonny PriceMusic and lyrics: Edward KlebanOriginal Broadway cast: Lonny Price as Ed, Randy Graff as Sophie, Nancy Anderson as Mona, Jeff Blumenkrantz as Charley, Donna Bullock as Lucy, David Hibbard as Bobby, Patrick Quinn as Lehman, Sara Ramirez as FeliciaPerformance dates: March 11, 2001-June 10, 2001

What it’s about: The semi-autobiographical A Class Act reflects on the life and work of composer-lyricist Edward Kleban by those who knew him. The musical begins with a 1988 memorial service for Kleban, then moves backward in time, showing Kleban’s interactions with friends and colleagues through his music.Why it’s essential: Just as A Chorus Line — for which Kleban wrote the lyrics — offered invaluable insight into the lives of performers, A Class Act is an intimate and revelatory peek behind the curtain. It’s a fascinating study of how an artist’s personal life interferes with his work — and vice versa.

35. Memphis

Memphis

View this image ›

Paul Kolnik

Book: Joe DiPietroMusic: David BryanLyrics: Joe DiPietro and David BryanOriginal Broadway cast: Chad Kimball as Huey Calhoun, Montego Glover as Felicia Farrell, J. Bernard Calloway as Delray, Derrick Baskin as Gator, James Monroe Iglehart as Bobby, Cass Morgan as Mama/Gladys, Michael McGrath as Mr. SimmonsPerformance dates: Oct. 19, 2009-Aug. 5, 2012

What it’s about: Memphis is inspired by the story of Dewey Phillips, who was one of the first white DJs to play black music in the ’50s. Here, Dewey is reimagined as Huey, who enters the world of underground black clubs in Memphis because he loves the music, and ends up falling for Felicia, against societal conventions.Why it’s important: While Memphis isn’t the first musical to cover similar subject matter, it still offers a different and important take on the relationship between racial segregation and rock ‘n’ roll. What makes the show especially effective is that the music, while recalling the era, is all original to the musical.

34. If/Then

If/Then

View this image ›

Joan Marcus

Book: Brian YorkeyMusic: Tom KittLyrics: Brian YorkeyOriginal Broadway cast: Idina Menzel as Elizabeth, LaChanze as Kate, Anthony Rapp as Lucas, James Snyder as Josh, Jenn Colella as Anne, Jerry Dixon as Stephen, Jason Tam as DavidPerformance dates: March 30, 2014-

What it’s about: Recently divorced Elizabeth imagines two different paths for herself based on a chance decision — does she go with Kate or Lucas? The show explores both timelines, in which Elizabeth is alternately Liz and Beth, and how her relationships with Kate, Lucas, and a soldier named Josh play out differently.Why it’s essential: Some have criticized If/Then for being messy, but the show’s intricate, complicated nature is the perfect representation of Elizabeth’s life. The dual lives format is a fantastical conceit that’s also grounded in reality, which makes for some heartbreaking moments in a musical that is ultimately life-affirming.

33. [title of show]

[title of show]

View this image ›

Carol Rosegg

Book: Hunter BellMusic and lyrics: Jeff BowenOriginal Broadway cast: Hunter Bell as Hunter, Susan Blackwell as Susan, Heidi Blickenstaff as Heidi, Jeff Bowen as JeffPerformance dates: July 17, 2008-Oct. 12, 2008

What it’s about: This is what happens when you scramble to write a musical. Hunter Bell and Jeff Bowen based [title on show] on… well, writing [title of show]. It’s a musical about the creation of a musical, inspired by the conversations they had as they were struggling to write a new original work.Why it’s essential: Few shows capture the artistic process better than [title of show], which is the definition of a happy accident. Yes, it’s meta and post-modern, but it’s also just a wonderful musical in its own right. It’s an example of creative people getting together to make something new, and stumbling on genius.

32. Jersey Boys

Jersey Boys

View this image ›

Joan Marcus

Book: Marshall Brickman and Rick EliceMusic: Bob GaudioLyrics: Bob CreweOriginal Broadway cast: Christian Hoff as Tommy DeVito, Daniel Reichard as Bob Gaudio, J. Robert Spencer as Nick Massi, John Lloyd Young as Frankie Valli, Tituss Burgess as Hal Miller, Steve Gouveia as Hank Majewski, Peter Gregus as Bob Crewe, Donnie Kehr as Norm Waxman, Michael Longoria as JoeyPerformance dates: Nov. 6, 2005-

What it’s about: In documentary style, Jersey Boys tracks the rise and fall of 1960s rock band the Four Seasons, from their formation and subsequent fame to their eventual break-up. With music by the group, the show covers high points and low points, with band members directly addressing the audience at key moments.Why it’s essential: The jukebox musical gets a bad name, and sometimes that’s warranted — as audiences yearn for more originality on Broadway, it can be disheartening to see shows with recycled music. But Jersey Boys perfected the form. Its structure and stellar performances make it the clear standout of the genre.

31. The Color Purple

The Color Purple

View this image ›

Paul Kolnik

Book: Marsha NormanMusic and lyrics: Brenda Russell, Allee Willis, and Stephen BrayOriginal Broadway cast: LaChanze as Celie, Brandon Victor Dixon as Harpo, Felicia P. Fields as Sofia, Reneé Elise Goldsberry as Nettie, Kingsley Leggs as Mister, Krisha Marcano as Squeak, Elisabeth Withers-Mendes as Shug Avery, James Brown III as BobbyPerformance dates: Dec. 1, 2005-Feb. 24, 2008

What it’s about: Based on the novel of the same name by Alice Walker, The Color Purple follows sisters Celie and Nettie over the course of four decades in rural Georgia at the first half of the 20th century. Forcefully separated and kept apart, Celie and Nettie struggle to reunite and survive their circumstances.Why it’s essential: As when the novel The Color Purple was released in 1982, the themes of the musical remain timeless. The shocking depictions of racism and sexism perpetuated against the subjugated sisters are harrowing but necessary, and the overall experience is aided by a gorgeous score that made LaChanze a star.

30. Grey Gardens

Grey Gardens

View this image ›

Joan Marcus

Book: Doug WrightMusic: Scott FrankelLyrics: Michael KorieOriginal Broadway cast: Christine Ebersole as ”Little” Edie Beale/Edith Bouvier Beale, Mary Louise Wilson as Edith Bouvier Beale, Matt Cavenaugh as Joseph Patrick Kennedy/Jerry, Jr., Erin Davie as Young “Little” Edie Beale, Kelsey Fowler as Lee Bouvier, Sarah Hyland as Jacqueline “Jackie” Bouvier, John McMartin as J.V. “Major” Bouvier/Norman Vincent Peale, Michael Potts as Brooks, Sr./Brooks, Jr., Bob Stillman as George Gould StrongPerformance dates: Nov. 2, 2006-July 29, 2007

What it’s about: The first act of Grey Gardens shows Little Edie and Big Edie when they were younger and rich, before their lives fell into disrepair. The second act is based on the classic documentary Grey Gardens, in which an older Little Edie and Big Edie live an isolated existence in a dilapidated mansion.Why it’s essential: Another musical based on a movie, Grey Gardens significantly expands on the 1975 documentary by offering an imagined glimpse at life for its protagonists before everything went to shit. It makes the more familiar second act all the more heart-rending, creating valuable context where once there was none.

29. Billy Elliot the Musical

Billy Elliot the Musical

View this image ›

Joan Marcus

Book: Lee HallMusic: Elton JohnLyrics: Lee HallOriginal Broadway cast: David Alvarez, Trent Kowalik, and Kiril Kulish as Billy Elliot, Santino Fontana as Tony, Haydn Gwynne as Mrs. Wilkinson, Gregory Jbara as Dad, Carole Shelley as GrandmaPerformance dates: Nov. 13, 2008-Jan. 8, 2012

What it’s about: As in the 2000 film, Billy Elliot finds himself more drawn to ballet than to wrestling — against his father’s wishes. But Billy finds solace in dance and lessons from Mrs. Wilkinson, even as the world around him is in turmoil. The musical takes place during the U.K. coal miners’ strike that lasted from 1984 to 1985.Why it’s essential: Cute kids aren’t always what you want to see front and center in a musical, but the tremendous dancing by the young actors of Billy Elliot transcends any doubts even the most curmudgeonly audience members might have. And the show’s concerns about masculinity, which should be dated, are still contentious.

28. Bloody Bloody Andrew Jackson

Bloody Bloody Andrew Jackson

View this image ›

Joan Marcus

Book: Alex TimbersMusic and lyrics: Michael FriedmanOriginal Broadway cast: Benjamin Walker as Andrew Jackson, Kristine Nielsen as The Storyteller, James Barry as Male Soloist, Darren Goldstein as Calhoun, Greg Hildreth as Red Eagle, Jeff Hiller as John Quincy Adams, Lucas Near-Verbrugghe as Van Buren, Cameron Ocasio as Lyncoya, Bryce Pinkham as Clay, Maria Elena Ramirez as Rachel, Ben Steinfeld as MonroePerformance dates: Oct. 13, 2010-Jan. 2, 2011

What it’s about: Part rock musical, part history, Bloody Bloody Andrew Jackson is about the founding of the Democratic Party in 1828. The show covers the eponymous U.S. president’s life and work, in particular the rise of populism, the Indian Removal Act, and Jackson’s relationship with his wife Rachel.Why it’s essential: Like other rock musicals, Bloody Bloody Andrew Jackson is relentlessly energetic, which only underscores the serious issues it addresses. Despite the fact that its politics are firmly rooted in the 1800s, they’re relevant to a modern-day populace, a stirring reminder that the more things change…

27. Newsies

Newsies

View this image ›

Deen van Meer

Book: Harvey FiersteinMusic: Alan MenkenLyrics: Jack FeldmanOriginal Broadway cast: John Dossett as Joseph Pulitzer, Ben Fankhauser as Davey, Lewis Grosso and Matthew Schechter as Les, Capathia Jenkins as Medda Larkin, Jeremy Jordan as Jack Kelly, Andrew Keenan-Bolger as Crutchie, Kara Lindsay as KatherinePerformance dates: March 29, 2012-

What it’s about: Based on the 1992 Disney film — and the true events that inspired it — Newsies is about the titular young men, largely orphaned and homeless, who hock newspapers on the street. When the price of papers is raised 10 cents by the greedy Joseph Pulitzer, Jack inspires his fellow newsies to protest.Why it’s essential: Say what you will about the Disney musical — Newsies shows what Disney gets right. The inspiring story and infectious music is as delightful here as it was in the original film, appealing to young audience members and the young at heart, like any good Disney production should.

26. Curtains

Curtains

View this image ›

Joan Marcus

Book: Rupert HolmesMusic: John KanderLyrics: Fred EbbOriginal Broadway cast: Debra Monk as Carmen Bernstein, David Hyde Pierce as Lieutenant Frank Cioffi, John Bolton as Daryl Grady, Jason Danieley as Aaron Fox, Edward Hibbert as Christopher Belling, Michael X. Martin as Johnny Harmon, Michael McCormick as Oscar Shapiro, Jill Paice as Niki Harris, Noah Racey as Bobby Pepper, Ernie Sabella as Sidney Bernstein, Megan Sikora as Bambi Bernét, Karen Ziemba as Georgia HendricksPerformance dates: March 22, 2007-June 29, 2008

What it’s about: In 1959 Boston, the untalented star of Robbin’ Hood of the Old West is murdered during the opening night curtain call. Enter Lieutenant Cioffi, who in addition to his detective skills is also a fan of musical theater. Cioffi has to solve the case and save the show, and he’s got a murderer on his tail.Why it’s essential: Curtains may not be up there with Chicago and Cabaret, Kander and Ebb’s most famous works, but it’s an engaging and hilarious mystery that perfectly satirizes a very specific genre, the backstage murder mystery. More than that, it’s also a love letter to classic musical theater.

25. The Bridges of Madison County

The Bridges of Madison County

View this image ›

Joan Marcus

Book: Marsha NormanMusic and lyrics: Jason Robert BrownOriginal Broadway cast: Kelli O’Hara as Francesca, Steven Pasquale as Robert, Whitney Bashor as Marian, Hunter Foster as Bud, Caitlin Kinnunen as Carolyn, Derek Klena as Michael, Michael X. Martin as Charlie, Cass Morgan as MargePerformance dates: Feb. 20, 2014-May 18, 2014

What it’s about: In 1965, disaffected housewife Francesca contemplates her life in Iowa, far away from her home in Italy. With her husband and kids away at the State Fair, Francesca meets National Geographic photographer Robert Kincaid, and the two embark on a passionate but short-lived affair that ends in heartbreak.Why it’s essential: The fact that The Bridges of Madison County didn’t earn a Tony nomination for Best Musical is a travesty, made all the more tragic because the show was forced to close early. It’s a beautiful, haunting show, with a rich score by Jason Robert Brown, and stunning performances by Kelli O’Hara and Steven Pasquale.

24. Urinetown

Urinetown

View this image ›

Joan Marcus

Book: Greg KotisMusic: Mark HollmannLyrics: Mark Hollmann and Greg KotisOriginal Broadway cast: Hunter Foster as Bobby Strong, Jennifer Laura Thompson as Hope Cladwell, Nancy Opel as Penelope Pennywise, John Cullum as Caldwell B. Cladwell, Spencer Kayden as Little Sally, Jeff McCarthy as Officer Lockstock, Daniel Marcus as Officer Barrel, John Deyle as Senator Fipp, David Beach as Mr. McQueenPerformance dates: Sep. 20, 2001-Jan. 18, 2004

What it’s about: In the dark world of Urinetown, a 20-year drought has made private toilets a thing of the past. Now all bathrooms are public and controlled by a megacorporation, which forces people to pay for the privilege of peeing. Charismatic Bobby Strong leads his fellow citizens in a revolution — with mixed results.Why it’s essential: Part of what makes Urinetown such a funny show is how unexpected it is. The musical repeatedly subverts expectations to darkly comedic effect, parodying far more serious works like Les Misérables and reminding audiences that not all musical comedy has a happy ending.

23. The Producers

The Producers

View this image ›

Paul Kolnik

Book: Mel Brooks and Thomas MeehanMusic and lyrics: Mel BrooksOriginal Broadway cast: Matthew Broderick as Leo Bloom, Nathan Lane as Max Bialystock, Roger Bart as Carmen Ghia, Gary Beach as Roger De Bris, Cady Huffman as Ulla, Brad Oscar as Franz LiebkindPerformance dates: April 19, 2001-April 22, 2007

What it’s about: Adapted by Mel Brooks from his 1968 film, the titular producers are Max Bialystock and Leo Bloom, who conspire to dupe investors by purposely making a Broadway flop. Their plan backfires when Springtime for Hitler, despite being an offensive disaster on paper, is celebrated as a hilarious comedy.Why it’s essential: Despite being based on a 30-year-old film, The Producers breathed new life into musical comedy. The book is sharp and relentlessly entertaining, but it’s also full of great musical numbers, “Springtime for Hitler” being the obvious standout. The Producers paved the way for more great shows like it.

22. Aida

Aida

View this image ›

Joan Marcus

Book: Linda Woolverton, Robert Falls, and David Henry HwangMusic: Elton JohnLyrics: Tim RiceOriginal Broadway cast: Heather Headley as Aida, Adam Pascal as Radames, Sherie Rene Scott as Amneris, Tyrees Allen as Amonasro, John Hickok as Zoser, Daniel Oreskes as Pharaoh, Damian Perkins as MerebPerformance dates: March 23, 2000-Sep. 5, 2004

What it’s about: In this musical based on the Giuseppe Verdi opera, Radames, who is next in line to become Pharaoh, falls for a captured Nubian slave named Aida, who is secretly a princess. Their forbidden love is complicated by Radames’ intended bride Amneris and Aida’s true identity, culminating in a tragic ending to their affair.Why it’s essential: It’s hard to imagine that Aida was once intended to be adapted as a Disney film — the elements are still there (Elton John and Tim Rice), but it’s a heavy, depressing love story. In addition to its undeniable power, Aida is significant for the way it blurs the lines between musical and opera.

21. Passing Strange

Passing Strange

View this image ›

Sundance Selects

Book: StewMusic: Stew and Heidi RodewaldLyrics: StewOriginal Broadway cast: De’Adre Aziza as Edwina/Marianna/Sudabey, Daniel Breaker as Youth, Eisa Davis as Mother, Colman Domingo as Franklin/Joop/Mr. Venus, Chad Goodridge as Terry/Christophe/Hugo, Rebecca Naomi Jones as Sherry/Renata/Desi, Stew as NarratorPerformance dates: Feb. 28, 2008-July 20, 2008

What it’s about: The unnamed Youth, a black man from South Central Los Angeles, rebels against his mother and his religious upbringing. He embarks on a journey to find “the real,” traveling across Europe and exploring different genres of music, including rock, jazz, gospel, and punk, in order to find himself.Why it’s essential: Like other great rock musicals, the thrill of Passing Strange is that its creator Stew had no theatrical background. The result is something truly original, informed not by other musicals but by Stew’s background as a rock ‘n’ roll performer. This is a rare reflection of a thoroughly unique new voice.

20. Fela!

Fela!

View this image ›

Tristram Kenton

Book: Jim Lewis and Bill T. JonesMusic and lyrics: Fela Anikulapo-KutiOriginal Broadway cast: Kevin Mambo and Sahr Ngaujah as Fela Anikulapo-Kuti, Saycon Sengbloh as Sandra, Lillias White as Funmilayo, Ismael Kouyaté as African Chanter/Geraldo Piño/Braiman/Orisha, Gelan Lambert as J.K. Braiman/Tap Dancer/EgungunPerformance dates: Nov. 23, 2009-Jan. 2, 2011

What it’s about: In the ’70s, Fela Kuti was an influential performer and composer in Nigeria. The musical is based on real events, when government soldiers were assigned to end Fela’s public performances at the Shrine nightclub. Fela becomes involved with opposition, balancing his quest for fame and his desire for civil rights.Why it’s essential: Calling Fela! a jukebox musical feels misleading — yes, the music here comes from the work of the show’s subject, Fela Kuti. But the appeal of Fela! is in its breathless, colorful performances — so intensely physical that two actors played the eponymous musician and alternated performances.

19. The Wild Party

The Wild Party

View this image ›

Carol Rosegg

Book: Michael John LaChiusa and George C. WolfeMusic and lyrics: Michael John LaChiusaOriginal Broadway cast: Yancey Arias as Black, Toni Collette as Queenie, Nathan Lee Graham as Phil D’Armano, Adam Grupper as Gold, Leah Hocking as Mae, Eartha Kitt as Dolores, Marc Kudisch as Jackie, Norm Lewis as Eddie Mackrel, Michael McElroy as Oscar D’Armano, Brooke Sunny Moriber as Nadine, Sally Murphy as Sally, Mandy Patinkin as Burrs, Tonya Pinkins as Kate, Jane Summerhays as Miss Madelaine True, Stuart Zagnit as GoldbergPerformance dates: April 13, 2000-June 11, 2000

What it’s about: Based on the 1928 narrative poem, The Wild Party is presented as a series of vaudeville sketches reflecting the setting, a swinging ’20s party hosted by Queenie and Burrs, whose relationship is collapsing. The eclectic cast of characters include a fading star, a black prizefighter, a morphine addict, and a gay couple.Why it’s essential: Timing for The Wild Party was a little odd — there’s another Wild Party musical, based on the same narrative poem, that emerged off-Broadway during the same season. Fans of both continue to debate which is better, but LaChiusa’s offers a richer cast of characters and steamy interactions.

18. Tick, Tick… Boom!

Tick, Tick... Boom!

View this image ›

Carol Rosegg

Book Jonathan Larson and David AuburnMusic and lyrics: Jonathan LarsonOriginal off-Broadway cast: Raúl Esparza as Jon, Jerry Dixon as Michael, Amy Spanger as SusanPerformance dates: May 23, 2001-Jan. 6, 2002

What it’s about: In this autobiographical musical first conceived as a one-man show, Jon approaches his 30th birthday with anxiety over his failure to succeed as a composer. Meanwhile, he struggles with commitment to his girlfriend Susan, who wants a more stable life, and Jon’s best friend Michael learns that he’s HIV-positive.Why it’s essential: While not the instant classic that Rent was, Jonathan Larson’s other major work is a far more personal look at the struggles that led him to write the iconic 1994 musical. The knowledge that Larson died before he could see the extent of his success adds another level of melancholy to Tick, Tick… Boom!

17. In the Heights

In the Heights

View this image ›

Joan Marcus

Book: Quiara Alegría HudesMusic and lyrics: Lin-Manuel MirandaOriginal Broadway cast: Seth Stewart as Graffiti Pete, Lin-Manuel Miranda as Usnavi, Eliseo Román as Piragua Guy, Olga Merediz as Abuela Claudia, Janet Dacal as Carla, Andréa Burns as Daniela, Carlos Gomez as Kevin, Priscilla Lopez as Camila, Robin de Jesús as Sonny, Christopher Jackson as Benny, Karen Olivo as Vanessa, Mandy Gonzalez as NinaPerformance dates: March 9, 2008-Jan. 9, 2011

What it’s about: In the Dominican-American neighborhood of Washington Heights in New York City, Usnavi, the owner of a small bodega, narrates the events happening around him. The cast of characters include matriarch Abuela Claudia, Usnavi’s love interest Vanessa, recent Stanford drop-out Nina, and gringo Benny.Why it’s essential: Before In the Heights, musical theater hadn’t dived into the Dominican-American cultural experience. This is a story about people who don’t often see themselves represented on stage (or on film and TV, for that matter), and the music — rap and salsa — is long overdue for a Broadway presence.

16. Hairspray

Hairspray

View this image ›

Paul Kolnik

Book: Mark O’Donnell and Thomas MeehanMusic: Marc ShaimanLyrics: Scott Wittman and Marc ShaimanOriginal Broadway cast: Harvey Fierstein as Edna Turnblad, Marissa Jaret Winokur as Tracy Turnblad, Laura Bell Bundy as Amber Von Tussle, Kerry Butler as Penny Pingleton, Mary Bond Davis as Motormouth Maybelle, Linda Hart as Velma Von Tussle, Dick Latessa as Wilbur Turnblad, Matthew Morrison as Link Larkin, Corey Reynolds as Seaweed J. Stubbs, Clarke Thorell as Corny Collins, Danelle Eugenia Wilson as Little InezPerformance dates: Aug. 15, 2002-Jan. 4, 2009

What it’s about: As in the 1988 John Waters film, Hairspray is about Tracy Turnblad, an overweight teenager who dreams of dancing on The Corny Collins Show and win the heart of Link Larkin in 1962 Baltimore. When she does finally make it onto the show, she shakes things up by taking a stand for racial integration.Why it’s essential: John Waters on Broadway could have gone a lot of ways, but Hairspray is pretty darn wholesome — Pink Flamingos this is not. And yet, it’s just the right amount of edgy mixed with bubble-gum colors and tunes that evoke the best of ’60s pop music. Harvey Fierstein’s Edna remains one of his finest performances.

15. Here Lies Love

Here Lies Love

View this image ›

Joan Marcus

Book: David ByrneMusic: David Byrne and Fatboy SlimLyrics: David ByrneOriginal off-Broadway cast: Melody Butiu as Estrella, Jose Llana as Marcos, Ruthie Ann Miles as Imelda, Conrad Ricamora as Aquino, Kelvin Moon Loh as D. J.Performance dates: April 24, 2013-July 28, 2013 (but now running again)

What it’s about: What began as a concept album became a rock musical, detailing the life of Imelda Marcos, the former First Lady of the Philippines — from her early life, raised by Estrella Cumpas, to her career as a singer and model, and finally to the moment she and her family were forced to leave the country.Why it’s essential: Some of the best theatrical experiences are the oddest on paper. The parts of Here Lies Love are strange: It began as a concept album, it’s about Imelda Marcos, Fatboy Slim is involved. But it all comes together to create a breathtaking, immersive production helmed by the incomparable Alex Timbers.

14. Fun Home

Fun Home

View this image ›

Joan Marcus

Book: Lisa KronMusic: Jeanine TesoriLyrics: Lisa KronOriginal off-Broadway cast: Beth Malone as Alison Bechdel, Michael Cerveris as Bruce Bechdel, Judy Kuhn as Helen Bechdel, Sydney Lucas as Small Alison, Alexandra Socha as Medium Alison, Griffin Birney as Christian Bechdel, Noah Hinsdale as John Bechdel, Roberta Colindrez as Joan, Joel Perez as Roy/Pete/Bobby JeremyPerformance dates: Oct. 22, 2013-Jan. 12, 2014

What it’s about: Based on Alison Bechdel’s autobiographical graphic novel, Fun Home explores Alison’s relationship with her father Bruce over the years. Presented in non-linear format, the show covers Alison’s discovery of her sexuality and coming out, as well as her father’s hidden sexuality and eventual suicide.Why it’s essential: Like the graphic novel on which it’s based, Fun Home is a heartbreaking musical. Even those who have criticized elements of the show acknowledge its impressive emotional core and the effect it has had on audiences. It was a highly personal story for Bechdel to share, and that intimacy remains.

13. The Drowsy Chaperone

The Drowsy Chaperone

View this image ›

Joan Marcus

Book: Bob Martin and Don McKellarMusic and lyrics: Lisa Lambert and Greg MorrisonOriginal Broadway cast: Danny Burstein as Aldolpho, Georgia Engel as Mrs. Tottendale, Sutton Foster as Janet Van De Graaff, Edward Hibbert as Underling, Troy Britton Johnson as Robert Martin, Eddie Korbich as George, Jason Kravits as Gangster #1, Garth Kravits as Gangster #2, Beth Leavel as the Drowsy Chaperone, Kecia Lewis-Evans as Trix, Bob Martin as Man in Chair, Jennifer Smith as Kitty, Lenny Wolpe as FeldziegPerformance dates: May 1, 2006-Dec. 30, 2007

What it’s about: The Drowsy Chaperone is the name of the musical, but it’s also the musical within the musical. The Man in the Chair, a Broadway enthusiast, plays one of his favorite records, The Drowsy Chaperone, and relives the classic (fake) 1920s musical comedy, complete with a wedding and gangsters in disguise.Why it’s essential: There are plenty of other self-referential musicals out there, but there’s something truly special about The Drowsy Chaperone. The book is consistently clever, giving just enough insight into the agoraphobic Man in the Chair. The musical within the musical is both a perfect parody and delightful in its own right.

12. The Full Monty

The Full Monty

View this image ›

Alastair Muir

Book: Terrence McNallyMusic and lyrics: David YazbekOriginal Broadway cast: Patrick Wilson as Jerry Lukowski, John Ellison Conlee as Dave Bukatinsky, Jason Danieley as Malcolm MacGregor, Romain Frugé as Ethan Girard, Annie Golden as Georgie Bukatinsky, Marcus Neville as Harold Nichols, Emily Skinner as Vicki Nichols, André De Shields as Horse, Lisa Datz as Pam Lukowski, Kathleen Freeman as Jeanette BurmeisterPerformance dates: Oct. 26, 2000-Sep. 1, 2002

What it’s about: The Full Monty is inspired by the 1997 film but Americanized — here, unemployed steelworkers in Buffalo decide to make money by performing a strip act. Because they’re not as in shape as the Chippendales dancers their wives love, they decide to distinguish themselves by ending with full nudity.Why it’s essential: It’s hard to believe that a musical about out-of-work (and out-of-shape) steelworkers who decide to become strippers would be as stirring and poignant as The Full Monty is. That’s not to take away from the fun of the show, which is a given, but the

Read more: http://buzzfeed.com/louispeitzman/best-musicals-since-2000

Rich Kids vs Poor Kids of Tehran

Ever since Instagram launched in 2010, the photo-sharing platform has remained a hotbed for “rich kid” accounts.

You know, those Instagram accounts highlighting the wealthiest kids in the world who are handed everything from pavé-set Richard Mille timepieces to brand new Maserati Gran Turismo coupes.

If you’ve ever heard of the Rich Kids of Instagram account, you know exactly what these things typically look like and what purpose they serve (which is usually nothing productive).

The most recent account is called the Rich Kids of Tehran and gives foreigners to the capital of Iran an inside look at how some of the country’s well-off young people are living these days.

However, what it’s failing to show is the real-life, day-to-day activity for kids in Tehran who don’t have anything more than a stuffed animal to play with. For that reason alone, the account has managed to stir up terrible press over the past few days.

As a matter of fact, the account administrator decided to delete every single photo ever uploaded.

In lieu of the account, someone created a Poor Kids of Tehran account, showing a more realistic perception of the average child’s life in Tehran, Iran.

On October 8, an Instagram account called the Rich Kids of Tehran began making quite the buzz on the Internet.

1

The Instagram account was filled with tons of photos featuring the well-off, rich people in the capital of Iran.

5

If you know anything about the original “Rich Kids of Instagram” account, you know what these kinds of accounts aim to do: brag, brag and brag.

4

If there’s one thing these types of accounts are good at doing, it’s glorifying an almost fictitious lifestyle that only a small fraction of people can afford to live.

3

The Rich Kids of Tehran account is everything but realistic. Not once does the account give people a glimpse of real-life for many people in Tehran.

2

The administrator has chosen to close the account down due to negative publicity.

6

Shortly after its disappearance, another Instagram casting a different light on life in Tehran was created. It’s called Poor Kids of Tehran.

7

The account aims to show a more realistic side of what day-to-day life is like for people who don’t have much.

10

No flaunting barrels of truffle oils and sizzling filet mignons here. Just real life.

9

If anything, this account should gain popularity for keeping it real.

8

It’s important to remember that to some, this is all they have.

11

The Poor Kids of Tehran account pokes fun at the wealth-obsessed show-offs of Iran. This is a Nissan Zamyad — not a Ferrari or a Maserati!


Not everyone has a warm bed to sleep in at night.

13

Some children don’t even know what they’re going to eat for breakfast.

15

Hopefully, this will help put an end to the obnoxious Instagram accounts geared toward showing people how much money other people have.

14

H/T: Aljazeera, Photos Courtesy: Instagram

Read more: http://elitedaily.com/news/world/poor-kids-tehran-instagram-gives-different-perspective-life-iran-photos/793040/

Writer and “perfumaniac” Barbara Herman’s Scent and Subversion: Decoding a Century of Provocative Perfume (Lyons Press, 2013) digs into the sexualized and gendered history behind perfume.

 

Herman shared some interesting insights with BuzzFeed about the inspirations and creation of classic fragrances.

1. The Dana company wanted its Tabu perfume to smell like prostitutes.

 

“Tabu’s (1932) perfumer Jean Carles was told by the Dana perfume company to ‘make a perfume a prostitute would wear.’” You can buy Dana’s classics here.

2. Jacques Guerlain, a classic perfumer, had a similar vision in having his scent smell like a mistress.

 

“Jacques Guerlain, maker of such classics as Shalimar (1925) said ‘Perfume should smell like the underside of my mistress.’”

3. Scents often used substances from animal anuses.

“One way perfumes like Shalimar were able to smell like sexual bodies was the inclusion of ‘overdoses’ of perfume ingredients like civet — sourced from the anal gland of the mongoose-like Civet animal. Which means your grandmother was slathering herself with anal cream.”

OH EW.

4. Bandit de Robert Piguet perfume was inspired by womens’ panties.

Robert Piguet / hprints.com

autena / etsy.com

 

“Bandit (1947) was created by lesbian perfumer and former model Germaine Cellier and it’s said that the scent was inspired by the smell of models changing their panties at a Robert Piguet fashion show. It’s a mossy leather scent that now would be made for men.”

5. Instead of smoking cigarettes in the 1920s, women could just spray cigarette smell on themselves.

Molinard / delcampe.net

Molinard / fragrantica.com

 

“Habanita (1925) perfume by Molinard once actually perfumed cigarettes. It was considered declassé and a little slutty for women to smoke, and Molinard just made it more decadent by creating a perfume to add to the cigs! It soon became a perfume that smelled like cigarettes, with tobacco notes.”

6. Sometimes perfumes aren’t explicitly made for human flesh.

“Zibeline perfume by Weil was made exclusively to scent furs.”

7. The contents of a whale’s stomach could be the key to a really great scent.

“Ambergris, a perfume ingredient more expensive than gold, is the product of a whale’s irritated stomach. It floats around and gets oxidized by the sun, and the longer it does this, and ages like a fine wine, the better it ends up smelling. The washed up remnants are what end up getting sold.”

8. Beavers produce a fruity-smelling chemical called castoreum.

Chanel / chanel.com

“Castoreum, an ingredient from a beaver’s abdominal gland that is used in leather-scented perfumes, may be part of the “natural flavoring” you find in raspberry and strawberry flavored sweets, including ice cream. It has a fruitiness to its animal hide smell.”

Chanel’s Cuir de Russie is down with the castoreum.

9. The Rolling Stones member Keith Richards might use woman’s perfume as deodorant.

 

“It’s rumored that Keith Richards wears Joy by Patou (1931), which marketed itself as ‘The most expensive perfume ever made,’ under his armpits.”

10. Animals enhance the human body’s natural and erotic smells.

“Animal ingredients in perfumes of the past were used to highlight the body’s natural odors, which were considered erotic and sexually alluring. This flies in the face of the theory that perfume was invented to hide the smells of people who didn’t bathe.”

Learn more about fragrance history on Herman’s wesbite, YesterdaysPerfume.com and follow her on Twitter @Parfumaniac!

Correction: The perfume Joy by Patou (1931) was marketed as “The most expensive perfume ever made.” An earlier version of this post stated that Joy by Patou (1931) was considered “The most expensive perfume ever made.”

Read more: http://buzzfeed.com/chanelparks/weird-things-you-didnt-know-about-perfume

While flipping through the pages of your favorite book or maybe listening to the chorus of a favorite song, you might begin to wonder what was going through the mind of that artist. That’s almost impossible to know for sure, but we are able to know the next best thing: what the rooms of these creative geniuses looked like when they worked on their legendary projects. Check it out!

John Lennon and Yoko Ono, musician and artists.

Jane Austen, writer.

Mark Twain, writer.

Virginia Woolf, writer.

Al Gore, former United States vice president.

Susan Sontag, writer and filmmaker.

Charlotte Brontë, writer.

Tina Fey, writer and actress.

Anne Sexton, poet.

George Bernard Shaw, playwright.

Pablo Picasso, artist.

Rudyard Kipling, writer.

Roald Dahl, children’s author.

Albert Einstein, theoretical physicist.

Georgia O’Keefe, painter.

Yves Sain Laurent, fashion designer.

Adrian Tomine, graphic novelist.

Jackson Pollock, painter.

John Updike, writer.

Nigella Lawson, food writer.

Francis Bacon, painter.

E.B. White, writer.

Alexander Calder, sculpter.

Chip Kidd, book cover designer.

David Hockney, painter.

Joan Miró, artist.

Colm Tóibín, writer.

Marc Chagall, painter.

Woody Allen, filmmaker.

Lisa Congdon, illustrator.

Marc Johns, illustrator.

Amanda Hesser, food writer.

Ray Eames, designer and artist.

Mark Rothko, painter.

William Buckley, writer and commentator.

Martin Amis, writer.

Milton Glaser, graphic designer.

Nikki McClure, illustrator.

Paul Cézanne, painter.

Yoshitomo Nara, artist.

Orla Keily, fashion designer.

Susan Orlean, journalist.

Willem de Kooning, artist.

Ruth Reichl, food writer.

Will Self, writer.

(via: BuzzFeed and Flavorwire.) This makes me feel a whole lot better about my messy room. Share with your friends by clicking the link below!

Read more: http://viralnova.com/famous-workspaces/

Kind of gives the term “chewing scenery” a whole new meaning.

1. Chef (2014)

 

Aldamisa Entertainment

Carl (Jon Favreau) is a chef at an upscale restaurant who feels stunted by the repetitive menu insisted upon by his boss. When he loses his temper and consequently his job, he gets back to his cooking roots making Cuban sandwiches in a food truck with his estranged son.

Most Delicious Scene: Carl’s seductive and simple pasta with pesto.

Where You Can Watch It: Netflix.

2. The Lunchbox (2013)

 

Sikhya Entertainment

Young, neglected housewife Ila (Nimrat Kaur) in Mumbai sends an extra-special lunch to her husband via the city’s sprawling courier service in the hopes of rekindling the flame. When it is mistakenly delivered to a solitary widower (Irfan Khan), the two begin a sweet though deluded relationship.

Most Delicious Scene: The paneer, in all its iterations.

Where You Can Watch It: Amazon.

3. Chocolat (2000)

 

Miramax

Single mother Vianne (Juliette Binoche) and her daughter move to rural France and open a chocolaterie across the street from the local church. Their sweet indulgences and Sunday hours (gasp!) cause a moral uproar, unaided by the arrival of swarthy gypsy Roux (Johnny Depp). But really, how long can people hold out against chocolate?

Most Delicious Scene: Anytime a piece of chocolate passes Johnny Depp’s lips. UNF.

Where You Can Watch It: Amazon.

4. Big Night (1996)

 

Sony Pictures Home Entertainment

Brothers Primo (Tony Shalhoub) and Secondo (Stanley Tucci) are Italian emigrants who have opened a restaurant in New York. Primo is the sophisticated chef who will not bow to patrons’ pedestrian expectations of Italian fare; Secondo is the smooth-talking manager who just wants to run a good business. When they’re tapped for a special benefit concert, they attempt to compromise and pull out all the stops for their “big night.”

Most Delicious Scene: The unveiling of the timpano.

Where You Can Watch It: Netflix.

5. Jiro Dreams of Sushi (2011)

 

Magnolia Pictures

This now-classic food documentary follows 85-year-old Jiro Ono, a world-renowned sushi chef completely devoted to his craft. Watching relentless pursuit of perfection is equal parts awe-inspiring, soul-crushing and totally mouthwatering.

Most Delicious Scene: Jiro sushi course “concerto.”

Where You Can Watch It: Netflix.

6. Babette’s Feast (1987)

MGM Home Entertainment

MGM Home Entertainment

Set in a remote 19th Danish century village, two sisters forlorn lead a strict life spent caring for their father, the local minister. Years after missed opportunities to move away and the death of their father, they take in French refugee, Babette Hersant, as their servant. Babette repays the sisters for their kindness with a decadent French meal.

Most Delicious Scene: The feast, of course!

Where You Can Watch It: Hulu Plus.

7. Like Water For Chocolate (1992)

 

Miramax

This movie is all about the passionate affair between Tita (Lumi Cavazos), a beauty from a traditional Mexican family who is forbidden to marry, and Pedro (Marco Leonardi), the young stallion who has stolen her heart. If that doesn’t get you, here’s the twist: Everything Tita cooks is infused with her emotions, causing powerful and not always pleasant reactions in all who consume it.

Most Delicious Scene: Tita’s quail in rose petal sauce.

Where You Can Watch It:
Netflix.

8. Waitress (2007)

 

Fox Searchlight Pictures

Jenna (Keri Russell) is a melancholy and pregnant waitress practicing the art of pie-making at her diner in the hopes of winning the local bake-off and earning enough money to leave her husband. All that changes when a cute new doctor comes to town, and the myriad pies become less a job for Jenna and more a form of therapy.

Most Delicious Scene: “Earl Murders Me Because I’m Having An Affair” Pie.

Where You Can Watch It: Amazon.

9. Ratatouille (2007)

 

Walt Disney Pictures

Remy (Patton Oswalt) is a rat with a sophisticated palette. When he comes across the kitchen of a fantastic French restaurant, he teams up with the awkward garbage boy Alfredo Linguini (Lou Romano) to bring both their cooking dreams to life. Hijinks ensue.

Most Delicious Scene: When Remy whips up his first soup.

Where You Can Watch It: Amazon.

10. The Trip (2010)

 

IFC Films

Steve Coogan is asked to tour the finest restaurants of Northern England. When his girlfriend backs out, he invites his best frenemy and fellow comedian Rob Brydon instead. Get ready for incredible cuisine, beautiful countryside, and spot-on Michael Caine impressions.

Most Delicious Scene: Every time Rob orders the scallops.

Where You Can Watch It: Netflix.

11. Eat Drink Man Woman (1994)

 

The Samuel Goldwyn Company

This movie centers around the dinner table of a widowed, masterful Chinese chef and his three grown daughters in Taipai, Taiwan. Each heavenly Sunday meals brings a fresh clash between the modern, independent daughters and their traditional father.

Most Delicious Scene: The opening sequence. The precision! The steam! THE MEAT.

Where You Can Watch It: Amazon.

12. Haute Cuisine (2012)

 

The Weinstein Company

Based on a true story, Hortense Laborie (Catherine Frot) is a celebrated chef in small-town France who is suddenly tapped by the President of the Republic to be his personal cook. Though she faces mad shade from the mostly male kitchen staff and more attention from the president, Laborie finds power in her indisputably amazing cooking.

Most Delicious Scene: The president’s midnight tartine snack with black truffles.

Where You Can Watch It:
Netflix.

13. Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory (1971)

 

Warner Bros Entertainment

A poor boy wins a chance to visit the most glorious chocolate factory ever imagined by mere human minds. Even the wallpaper tastes great! Dude who owns it is kind of strange, though.

Most Delicious Scene: THE CHOCOLATE ROOM.

Where You Can Watch It: Amazon.

14. Romantics Anonymous (2010)

 

StudioCanal

The French and their chocolate, amiright? It’s the cute story of the owner of a small chocolate factory and his new chocolatiere, both painfully timid but totally passionate about their work.

Most Delicious Scene: The chocolate tasting.

Where You Can Watch It:
iTunes.

15. Cloudy With A Chance Of Meatballs (2009)

 

Amblin Entertainment

Misfit scientist Flint Lockwood (Bill Hader) has created a machine to turn water into food, which goes haywire when it starts converting the water in the atmosphere: It starts raining food! So basically all your childhood—ok, adulthood—dreams come true.

Most Delicious Scene: The ice cream storm!

Where You Can Watch It: Amazon.

16. Spinning Plates (2012)

 

Chaos Theory Entertainment

This delectable documentary follows three unique chefs, each serving very different in their own amazing way. From Michelin-rated to backyard BBQs, this movie explores how it doesn’t matter what or where you cook, just that you have a passion for food.

Most Delicious Scene: The twisted artistry of yuba, shrimp, orange, miso.

Where You Can Watch It: Netflix.

17. I Am Love (2009)

 

Mikado Films

This film is about a Russian woman Emma (Tilda Swinton) who marries into a powerful Milanese family, though haute living leaves her feeling unfulfilled. Enter Antonio (Edoardo Gabbriellini), a talented chef who rewakens her passion for life with—what else?—food.

Most Delicious Scene: The prawns.

Where You Can Watch It: Amazon.

18. Bottle Shock (2008)

 

Intellectual Properties Worldwide

Ok, it’s about the rise of respectability in California winemaking, but you need something to wash down all these food films! Parisian sommelier Steven Spurrier (Alan Rickman) comes to Cali in 1976 to find the best wine to go head-to-head with its French counterparts in a blind taste test.

Most Delicious Scene: The Judgement of Paris.

Where You Can Watch It: Netflix.

19. Spirited Away (2001)

 

Walt Disney Studio

When young Chihiro and her family make a pitstop on their way to their new home in the Japanese countryside, they wander into an abandoned amusement park secretly ruled by demons and spirits. When her parents are turned into pigs, Chihiro must find a way to barter with the master of the spiritual bathhouse for all of their freedom.

Most Delicious Scene: When the spirit No-Face is all of us: “Just keep the food coming! I want to eat everything!”

Where You Can Watch It: You can buy it on Amazon.

20. Marie Antoinette (2006)

 

Columbia Pictures

A dramatic interpretation of the lavish lifestyle of Marie Antoinette in the years leading up to the French Revolution. It’s hard to tell what’s more delicious: all the scandal or all the cake. (JK it’s obviously the cake.)

Most Delicious Scene: So many balls, so many pastries.

Where You Can Watch It: Amazon.

21. Julie & Julia (2009)

 

Columbia PIctures

The drool-worthy retelling of one woman’s attempt to cook through Julia Child’s Mastering the Art of French Cooking. Start watching for the food, keep watching for Meryl Streep.

Most Delicious Scene: Boeuf bourguinion and raspberry Bavarian cream.

Where You Can Watch It: iTunes.

Read more: http://www.buzzfeed.com/laurenpaul/movies-all-food-enthusiast-must-watch