Imagine rocking up to a party in a flying car. That’d be the dream. The idea has been around for a while now and we’ve been teased with futuristic designs many times, but it seemed unlikely that we’d be cruising around in our own batmobiles any time soon. But a Slovakia-based company is now tantalizingly close to making our childhood dreams a reality, having developed a fully functional prototype.

AeroMobil unveiled their car/plane hybrid, AeroMobil 3.0, at the Pioneers Festival in Vienna on October 29. They boasted that their swanky flying roadster only took 10 months to produce, which is pretty impressive to say the least.

Like a transformer, the limousine-sized vehicle can morph from plane to car with the touch of a button, in just two minutes. When the wings are folded, it could easily fit into existing road infrastructure. What’s more, it runs on gasoline instead of kerosene, so owners can fill them up at regular gas stations.

In car form, it can reach speeds of 160 km/h, and as a plane it can travel at 200 km/h. To be used as a plane, all that is required is 250 meters of runway or grass for takeoff, and 50 meters for landing. It’s small enough to be stored in a garage, too, so no need for a hangar. Because it’s so annoying when you have to store your private jet away from home, of course.

Aeromobil.

Unfortunately, a normal driver’s license isn’t enough to be able to drive this thing. It’s the equivalent of a light-sport aircraft, so you’d need to get a sport pilot license.

Pilots have been testing out the vehicle since October this year, but it still needs some tinkering. Although it’s very close to the final product, which will be made using the same materials, the team won’t give us any ideas on when it will likely arrive on the market.

“There’s a lot of things before us,” AeroMobil CCO Stefan Vadocz told Motherboard, “but we will be working hard to do those as efficiently as possible to bring the vehicle to the market.”

Read more: http://www.iflscience.com/technology/awesome-flying-car-prototype-unveiled

Writer and “perfumaniac” Barbara Herman’s Scent and Subversion: Decoding a Century of Provocative Perfume (Lyons Press, 2013) digs into the sexualized and gendered history behind perfume.

 

Herman shared some interesting insights with BuzzFeed about the inspirations and creation of classic fragrances.

1. The Dana company wanted its Tabu perfume to smell like prostitutes.

 

“Tabu’s (1932) perfumer Jean Carles was told by the Dana perfume company to ‘make a perfume a prostitute would wear.’” You can buy Dana’s classics here.

2. Jacques Guerlain, a classic perfumer, had a similar vision in having his scent smell like a mistress.

 

“Jacques Guerlain, maker of such classics as Shalimar (1925) said ‘Perfume should smell like the underside of my mistress.’”

3. Scents often used substances from animal anuses.

“One way perfumes like Shalimar were able to smell like sexual bodies was the inclusion of ‘overdoses’ of perfume ingredients like civet — sourced from the anal gland of the mongoose-like Civet animal. Which means your grandmother was slathering herself with anal cream.”

OH EW.

4. Bandit de Robert Piguet perfume was inspired by womens’ panties.

Robert Piguet / hprints.com

autena / etsy.com

 

“Bandit (1947) was created by lesbian perfumer and former model Germaine Cellier and it’s said that the scent was inspired by the smell of models changing their panties at a Robert Piguet fashion show. It’s a mossy leather scent that now would be made for men.”

5. Instead of smoking cigarettes in the 1920s, women could just spray cigarette smell on themselves.

Molinard / delcampe.net

Molinard / fragrantica.com

 

“Habanita (1925) perfume by Molinard once actually perfumed cigarettes. It was considered declassé and a little slutty for women to smoke, and Molinard just made it more decadent by creating a perfume to add to the cigs! It soon became a perfume that smelled like cigarettes, with tobacco notes.”

6. Sometimes perfumes aren’t explicitly made for human flesh.

“Zibeline perfume by Weil was made exclusively to scent furs.”

7. The contents of a whale’s stomach could be the key to a really great scent.

“Ambergris, a perfume ingredient more expensive than gold, is the product of a whale’s irritated stomach. It floats around and gets oxidized by the sun, and the longer it does this, and ages like a fine wine, the better it ends up smelling. The washed up remnants are what end up getting sold.”

8. Beavers produce a fruity-smelling chemical called castoreum.

Chanel / chanel.com

“Castoreum, an ingredient from a beaver’s abdominal gland that is used in leather-scented perfumes, may be part of the “natural flavoring” you find in raspberry and strawberry flavored sweets, including ice cream. It has a fruitiness to its animal hide smell.”

Chanel’s Cuir de Russie is down with the castoreum.

9. The Rolling Stones member Keith Richards might use woman’s perfume as deodorant.

 

“It’s rumored that Keith Richards wears Joy by Patou (1931), which marketed itself as ‘The most expensive perfume ever made,’ under his armpits.”

10. Animals enhance the human body’s natural and erotic smells.

“Animal ingredients in perfumes of the past were used to highlight the body’s natural odors, which were considered erotic and sexually alluring. This flies in the face of the theory that perfume was invented to hide the smells of people who didn’t bathe.”

Learn more about fragrance history on Herman’s wesbite, YesterdaysPerfume.com and follow her on Twitter @Parfumaniac!

Correction: The perfume Joy by Patou (1931) was marketed as “The most expensive perfume ever made.” An earlier version of this post stated that Joy by Patou (1931) was considered “The most expensive perfume ever made.”

Read more: http://buzzfeed.com/chanelparks/weird-things-you-didnt-know-about-perfume

Whether she’s using a 1946 version of The Adventures of Tom Sawyer to create Tom and Huck on a river raft or a book about the migratory birds of the East Coast to create a Duck Dynasty piece, Jodi Harvey-Brown tears books apart to create incredible sculptures depicting scenes from the very books she’s just destroyed.

After spontaneously creating her first sculpture from a tattered book she found in an old box of used books, the Pennsylvania artist had found her niche. While she normally shapes her own characters from the pages of the books, she occasionally uses the illustrations in the books as the characters in the scene she’s constructing, breathing new life into the original content of the books.

Harvey-Brown sells her fantastic, whimsical creations on Etsy and even takes custom orders, so if you can’t find what you’re looking for here, she’d be glad to help you out…

Treasure Island

Book Sculpture 24

Game of Thrones

Book Sculpture 31

The Wind in the Willows

Book Sculpture 3

Moby-Dick

Book Sculpture 1

20,000 Leagues Under the Sea

Book Sculpture 2

The Little Mermaid

Book Sculpture 5

Minas Tirith, from Lord of the Rings

Book Sculpture 7

The Old Man and the Sea

Book Sculpture 9

The Adventures of Tom Sawyer

Book Sculpture 10

Kidnapped

Book Sculpture 14

The Mad Hatter’s Tea Party from Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland

Book Sculpture 18

Through the Looking Glass

Book Sculpture 19

To Kill A Mockingbird

Book Sculpture 20

Book Sculpture 21

Chroma The Great from The Phantom Tollbooth

Book Sculpture 23

Gifts from the Sea

Book Sculpture 25

The Millenium Falcon from Star Wars Heir to the Empire

Book Sculpture 26

The Lives of the Great Composers

Book Sculpture 27

Bambi, A Life in the Woods

Book Sculpture 28

The Wizard of Oz

Book Sculpture 29

Pride and Prejudice

Book Sculpture 30

Edgar Allan Poe

Book Sculpture 32

The Book of Jazz – From Then Till Now

Book Sculpture 33

Duck Dynasty

Book Sculpture 12

Scuba Diver

Book Sculpture 22

Vineyard

Book Sculpture 16

Parisian Bridge

Book Sculpture 17

Hot Air Balloon

Book Sculpture 8

Sailing Home

Book Sculpture 6

Yacht

Book Sculpture 11

(via My Modern Met, Jodi Harvey-Brown, DeviantART)

Read more: http://twentytwowords.com/artist-tears-up-books-to-create-amazing-sculptures-of-the-stories-in-the-books-she-just-ruined-30-pictures/

Rescuers-throw-bouncing-camera-into-dangerous-places-aa7f6597e4

If Francisco Aguilar and Dave Young get their way, police officers and firefighters will someday carry baseball-shaped, throwable cameras along with the rest of their equipment.

As the founders of Bounce Imaging, Aguilar and Young are developing spherical, camera-laden gadgets that can be tossed into dangerous places—such as the rubble of a building leveled by an earthquake—and then wirelessly relay 360-degree panoramic images of the scene back to a tablet or smartphone.

First responders and military personnel increasingly use technology to scout out places of interest without putting themselves in harm’s way. Often this means using robots capable of crawling into a building or toward a suspect vehicle. iRobot has even developed a compact, throwable reconnaissance robot called FirstLook.

Aguilar and Young, who met as graduate students at MIT’s Sloan School of Management, believe that their device will be easier to operate and cheaper than existing devices. They hope to sell the device for less than $500 initially.

“The idea behind this is, we get it to a point where if you toss it into a room and it’s dangerous to go get it, the unit is essentially disposable,” Aguilar says.

Aguilar came up with the idea for Bounce Imaging’s ball-shaped device while working as a volunteer in Haiti after the country’s devastating earthquake in 2010. While there were some fiber-optic cameras that could be used to search through rubble for survivors, the equipment was expensive and required a skilled operator, he says.

Earlier this year, he started working on Bounce Imaging with Young. They’ve since won $60,000 in funding—$50,000 in prize money from a contest organized by startup accelerator MassChallenge and $10,000 in another contest, the VenCorps NYC Impact Challenge—and are working on a prototype of their first product, which they hope to start testing in January. Several police departments and SWAT units are interested in trying it out, Aguilar says, including MIT’s own police department.

Young, who previously served in the Army in Iraq and Afghanistan, thinks Bounce Imaging’s ball-sized device could be particularly useful for the military. It would be easier to lug around than some of the unwieldy equipment he had to carry while on duty, he says. And, since it’s much cheaper than other imaging tools, it could be abandoned, if necessary.

Others have demonstrated spherical camera systems. For example, researchers at the Technische Universität Berlin built a foam-covered ball with 36 cameras inside that is capable of taking complete panoramas when thrown into the air (see “Eye Ball“).

Bounce Imaging’s device is expected to a weigh half a pound to a pound with a battery inside. It includes six wide-angle cameras that are each surrounded by an infrared LED flash. An external casing protects the components from being crushed on impact and allows the device to bounce.

The cameras can snap pictures every second or half-second, depending on the device’s settings; six pictures will give a full 360-degree view of the scene. An accelerometer and gyroscope help orient images, which are sent wirelessly to an Android-running smartphone or tablet where software stitches the images together.

Young and Aguilar hope to incorporate different sensors into the device for different applications. A firefighter might use one that includes smoke, temperature, and oxygen sensors, for example.

One obvious problem that Bounce Imaging faces is retrieval of its balls—the gadget doesn’t currently include a mechanism to bounce or roll itself back to whomever threw it, so you’d either need to go in and get it or leave it behind. The company may add a tether to allow the user to pull it back, or a beacon that allows the device to be found later on. Aguilar suggests that at some point, the company could even add motion capabilities, like that offered by robotic ball maker Sphero.

This article originally published at MIT Technology Review
here

Read more: http://mashable.com/2012/11/08/bounce-imaging/

The world is full of unexplained events and discoveries. People are, naturally, intrigued by unknown occurrences and controversial subjects. The current rise in technological advancement and DNA testing has raised questions in the field of archeology and world history. In many cases, these discoveries have been documented, but information surrounding the artifacts or historical event is hidden behind a wall of mystery. This article will be examining ten historical, theoretical and scientific questions that will make you think. The answers to most of these questions are supported by some scientific research, theory and historical documentation, while others are largely rhetorical. This list is longer than the usual but, as you will see, it really benefits from the extra information.

Nugget  154 A Keseberg Donner Party Cannibal-1

The question: What did Louis Keseberg do?

On April 14, 1846, a group of pioneers known as the Donner Party began their voyage to relocate from the U.S. state of Illinois to California. The trip covered 2,500 miles (4,023 kilometers) over the Great Plains, two mountain ranges and the deserts of the Great Basin. The voyage took between four and six months, but the Donner Party was slowed because they decided to follow a new route called Hastings Cutoff. The group was told that Hastings Cutoff was a shortcut, but, in fact, it was a longer and more treacherous path. Ultimately, 87 people made the journey through the cutoff, which crossed Utah’s Wasatch Mountains and the Great Salt Lake Desert. In all, 37 of the pioneers were members of the Reed and Donner families, while German emigrants Louis and Philippine Keseberg were also traveling with the group.

During the voyage, many of the pioneers documented their daily activities. Louis Keseberg was frequently mentioned in these journals. The connotation surrounding his activates was almost always negative. Louis Keseberg was routinely confronted for abusing his wife and children. Keseberg’s behavior was suspicious to the other travelers and he was regularly accused of theft, malingering and murder. In fact, the Donner Party journals are full of animosity, violent events and war.

After intense snow storms struck the Donner Party, it soon became evident that the group was not going to make it over the mountains before winter. To fend off the cold, all of the families built shelters in the area surrounding Truckee Lake and Alder Creek. By December 13, there was 8 feet (2.4 m) of snow. By the middle of January, most of the group’s food was gone and all that remained was dead human bodies. To stay alive, certain members of the Donner Party began to eat each other. Human bodies were labeled with the names of the deceased and the area became a “Cannibal Camp.”

On February 18, a seven-man rescue party scaled Frémont Pass and reached the Donner camps, which by this time were completely buried in snow. “The first two members of the relief party to enter the camp saw Trudeau carrying a human leg. When they made their presence known, he threw it into a hole with other dismembered bodies.” Twenty-three people were chosen and taken by the rescuers, but the pioneers were weak and some died on the long voyage to California. Dozens of people remained at the Truckee Lake and Alder Creek camp sites. One of these individuals was Louis Keseberg. Little is known about what Keseberg did during this time, but claims have been made that he became a predator.

The final rescue party didn’t reach the camp until April 21, 1847. When they arrived, Louis Keseberg was the only survivor. He was surrounded by dismembered bodies, gallons of blood, and had a fresh pot of human flesh over the fire. The men also found George Donner’s pistols, jewelry and $250 in gold in Keseberg’s cabin. The rescue group threatened to lynch Louis Keseberg, but he was ultimately taken to California. Upon return, Keseberg sued Ned Coffeemeyer for slander and for allegedly spreading stories about his deeds at the Donner camps. Keseberg won his case, but was awarded only $1 in damages. This was evidently all the judicial system felt his reputation was worth. During his lifetime, Louis Keseberg saw over ten of his children die in a number of different ways.

Grapefruit-Juice-Diet

The question: Why Should You Avoid Grapefruit Juice When Taking Certain Drugs?

Many people don’t realize that grapefruit and grapefruit juice has the potential to negatively interact with many drugs and prescribed medications. This happens because the organic compounds in the grapefruit interfere with the intestinal enzyme cytochrome P450 isoform CYP3A4. This causes either an increasing or decreasing bioavailability. The interaction can be witnessed in a number of therapeutic, medical and recreational drugs. Grapefruit juice does not influence injected drugs, only oral substances that undergo first-pass metabolism by the enzyme.

Some of the most common examples of these drugs are a number of sedatives, slow release drugs, ingested marijuana, Codeine, Valium, Norvasc, Pravachol, Cordarone, Viagra, Zoloft, Allegra, and Lipitor. People should not take large amounts of grapefruit while ingesting these medications. When a physician prescribes a specific dose of a drug to a patient, they are working under the assumption that the person will absorb the drug at a specific rate. This calculation is based on the individual’s body type and weight. This information will inform the physician on how much medication to prescribe.

Grapefruit juice has an influence on the enzymes in your gastrointestinal tract that bring food and oral medications into your body. For this reason, grapefruit juice seems to affect both the rate of the drug coming into your body and how quickly it is removed. The end result can be an overdose or an uneven dosage for your size. Grapefruit extends the half life of some drugs, interfering with the body’s ability to break down the substance. The interaction caused by grapefruit compounds lasts for up to 24 hours and the reaction is greatest when the juice is ingested with the drug.

Kokoro-Actroid-1

The question: When will Humans Be Pushed into the Uncanny Valley?

The uncanny valley is a hypothesis regarding the field of robotics and artificial intelligence. The theory holds that when robots, human clones, or computers have characteristics that are similar in appearance to that of humans, it causes a feeling of revulsion and anger. The feeling can be so overwhelming that the person has a need to assault and damage the artificial intelligence. The term has been traced to Ernst Jentsch’s concept of the uncanny, which is a psychological instance where something can be familiar, yet foreign at the same time, resulting in a feeling of it being uncomfortably strange.

For example, if you owned a robot that was human like in appearance and intelligence, the simple fact that it was in your house, staring at you, would make you feel uneasy. Because the uncanny is familiar, yet strange, it often creates cognitive dissonance within the person due to the paradoxical nature of being attracted to, yet repulsed by an object at the same time.

This often leads to an outright rejection of the object. The uncanny valley theory states that as a robot is made more humanlike in its appearance and motion, the emotional response from a human to the robot will become increasingly positive and empathic, until a point is reached and we enter the uncanny valley, beyond which the response quickly becomes that of a strong revulsion. Take a look at the picture of this realistic looking robot and tell me what emotional response you feel.

In many people, it will elicit a strange feeling and reaction. It has been hypothesized that these feelings are due to a biological response that is innate to all humans. As we enter the age of 3D advancement, design studios routinely consider the idea of the uncanny valley. Animation companies follow a set of rules when developing characters, making sure that they do not make them to realistic.

100 Dollar Bill

The question: Who is Behind the Superdollar?

The superdollar, or superbill, refers to a very high quality counterfeit United States $100 bill that has been circulating around the world. After investigations by the United States, Great Britain, China and other world powers, certain crime syndicates and federal governments have been suspected and implemented in creating the notes. The U.S. Government believes that the counterfeit one hundred-dollar bills are most likely being produced in North Korea. However, other possible sources include Iran or criminal gangs operating out of China. Some have even suggested the possibility of an American CIA involvement.

It has been determined that high ranking government officials or organized crime organizations are responsible for the notes because they are extremely high quality and practically intractable. In fact, they are called superdollars because the technology used to create the counterfeit bills is more advanced and superior to the original. The notes are said to be made with the highest quality ink and paper. They are designed to recreate the various security features of United States currency, such as the red and blue security fibers, the security thread, and the watermark. The notes are printed using the intaglio and typographic printing processes.

The United States has based its accusations against North Korea on the accounts of North Korean defectors, who allegedly described the operation, and on South Korean intelligence sources. Certain witnesses have claimed that the factory where the notes are printed is located in the city of Pyongsong, North Korea, and is part of Division 39. The United States government has suggested that the superbills are being distributed by North Korean diplomats and international crime syndicates. In 2004, The U.S. prohibited Americans from banking with Banco Delta Asia. Since that time, the United States has regularly threatened North Korea with sanctions over its alleged involvement with the counterfeit operation.

On February 2, 2006, banks in Japan voluntarily enforced sanctions on Banco Delta Asia identical to those imposed by the U.S. Some have estimated that 1 in 10,000 US$100 bills are counterfeit. The American $100 bill is the most counterfeited currency in the world. To fight the abuse, the U.S. government has developed a new $100 bill that is more secure. The new design has a complex printing process and holds a new 3D blue security stripe. The bills were initially set to be released in early 2011, but the U.S. Treasury and Federal Reserve suffered a major setback when 1.1 billion new one hundred-dollar bills were printed with a flaw. The release of the new $100 bill has been pushed back until the printing problem can be fixed.

Homo Floresiensis-Wikimedia-Ryan-Somma

The question: Did Miniature Humans Populate Earth 12,000 Years Ago?

In 2003, a team of Australian-Indonesian archaeologists made a remarkable discovery in Liang Bua Cave, which is located on the Island of Flores, in East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. The group was searching for evidence of the original human migration when they discovered a collection of unusual hominoid bones and artifacts. Partial skeletons of nine individuals were unearthed, including one complete cranium. These remains have been the subject of intense research and debate as they appear to have human features, but are miniature in size.

This has caused some scientists to claim that the bones represent a species distinct from modern humans. The new species has been labeled Homo floresiensis (nicknamed Hobbit). The hominoid is noted for its small body and brain size and for its relatively recent survival. Recovered alongside the skeletal remains were stone tools from archaeological horizons ranging from 94,000 to 13,000 years ago. Some of the tools are sophisticated stone implements. The artifacts are all of the size considered appropriate for a 1-meter-tall human population.

Archaeologist Mike Morwood and his colleagues have proposed that a variety of features, both primitive and derived, identify these bones as belonging to a new species. A study of the bones and joints of the arm, shoulder and lower limbs concluded that H. floresiensis was more similar to early humans and apes than modern humans. Some less obvious features that might distinguish H. floresiensis from modern Homo sapiens is the form of the teeth, and the lesser angle in the head of the humerus (upper arm bone). Each of these distinguishing examples has been heavily scrutinized by certain members of the scientific community.

Aside from a smaller body size, the overall specimen seems to resemble Homo erectus. Additional features used to argue for the discovery of a new population of previously unidentified hominids include the absence of a chin, the relatively low twist of the arm bones, and the thickness of the creature’s leg bones. The feet of H. floresiensis are unusually flat in relation to the rest of the body. As a result, when walking, the creature would have to bend its knees further back than modern people do. For this reason, it was not able to move very fast.

The species toes have an unusual shape and the big toe is very short. Local geology suggests that a volcanic eruption on the Island of Flores approximately 12,000 years ago could have been responsible for the demise of H. floresiensis, along with other local fauna, including the elephant species Stegodon. In early December of 2004, paleoanthropologist Teuku Jacob removed most of the Hobbit remains from their repository. The priceless artifacts were damaged upon return. The only pelvis was smashed, ultimately destroying details that reveal body shape, gait and evolutionary history.

Aedes-Mosquito-1

The question: Why are Humans Creating and Releasing Genetically Modified Mosquitoes?

Operation Drop Kick was a 1956 U.S. entomological warfare field testing program that modified and deployed the yellow fever mosquito. The goal of the project was to use the mosquito to carry and release a biological warfare agent. The concept was simply to drop a large collection of diseased mosquitoes over a populated area. Operation Drop Kick included a 1956 test in Savannah, Georgia, where uninfected mosquitoes were released in a residential neighborhood, and another 1956 test in Avon Park, Florida, where 600,000 diseased mosquitoes were released on the city.

Between the years 1956-1957, several U.S. Army biological warfare experiments were conducted in the city of Avon Park. In the experiments, Army biological weapon researchers released millions of mosquitoes on the town in order to see if the insects would spread yellow fever and dengue fever. The residents of Avon Park were not notified of the deadly experiments. Hundreds of residents contracted a wide array of illnesses, including fevers, respiratory problems, stillbirths, encephalitis and typhoid. Army researchers pretended to be public health workers, so that they could photograph and perform medical tests on the victims. Several people died as a result of the program.

The experiments in Avon Park were concentrated in low-income neighborhoods, in areas that were predominantly black with newly constructed housing projects. In 1978, a Pentagon document titled, Biological Warfare: Secret Testing & Volunteers revealed that similar experiments were conducted in Key West, Florida. Many people have raised the question of why the U.S. government was playing around with the Dengue fever virus. Dengue fever is an infectious disease that causes a number of symptoms, including severe headaches, a petechial rash and muscle and joint pains. In a small proportion the disease progresses to life-threatening complications. Since the middle of the 1950s, the rates of Dengue fever infection have increased dramatically, with approximately 50-100 million people being infected yearly. The disease has become a global epidemic in more than 110 countries with 2.5 billion people living in areas where it is prevalent.

In 2009, the British biotechnology giant Oxitec announced that they had developed a genetically-modified (GM) mosquito (OX513A) that, apart from a specific chemical antibiotic, is unable to successfully repopulate. After intense media scrutiny, the company gave a statement which indicated that the GM mosquitoes may help fight the spread of dengue fever by reducing or eliminating the wild mosquito population. In 2009, Oxitec released millions of the OX513A test mosquitoes over the Cayman Islands. Many people have questioned the decision to fight the spread of Dengue fever by using more infected mosquitoes. Nobody knows for sure what will happen when the new GM mosquitoes interact with animals and human life, or how the mosquitoes altered genes will disrupt the environment.

20051218025923!Gods Whores-Ml560

The question: How did David Berg Convince Women that Flirty Fishing was Acceptable?

In 1968, a man named David Berg developed a new religious movement named the Children of God. The group devoted their time to spreading the message of Jesus’ love and salvation. With the enforcement of strict regulations, David Berg preached about the de-Christianization and decay of moral values in Western society. He viewed the trends towards a New World Order as setting the stage for the rise of the Antichrist. Remarkably, Berg lived in seclusion, communicating with his followers and the public via nearly 3,000 Mo Letters.

In the 1970s, the Children of God began to expand to all areas of the world. David Berg discussed a message of salvation, apocalypticism, and spiritual revolution against the outside world, which the members called the System. The group’s liberal stance on sexuality led to concerns and investigations regarding child abuse. However, the most publicized practice organized by David Berg and the Children of God was named Flirty Fishing. Flirty Fishing is a form of religious prostitution that was practiced by the Children of God from 1974-1987. The term refers to Matthew 4:19 from the New Testament, in which Jesus tells two fishermen that he will make them “fishers of men.”

Cult leader David Berg extrapolated from this that women in his movement should be flirty fishers, with the targeted men being called “fish.” The cult published several documents with instructions for young women. Flirty Fishing was defined as using sex appeal for proselytizing. If masturbation, oral, or penetrative sex ensued, this was termed as “loving sexually” and counted as more brownie points within the group. The Children of God claimed that the purpose of Flirty Fishing was for women to show God’s love to men, to win converts for the group, and to garner material and financial support.

The cult members regularly lived in communes, traveled around the world and spent their time proselytizing rather than earning a regular income. For this reason the financial aspect of Flirty Fishing soon became dominant. The cult used the practice to curry favors with local men of influence such as business men, politicians or police. Women who objected to being what the cult itself blatantly described as “God’s whores” or “hookers for Jesus” were admonished not to “let self and pride enter in.” They were continually reminded that their body didn’t really belong to them as according to 1 Corinthians 6:19–20. Many of the Flirty Fishers had boyfriends or were married, or had children.

In family publications, Flirty Fishers and Escort Services frequently reported that they found their work hard, dangerous and exhausting. The financial benefit of Flirty Fishing quickly led to a regular Escort Servicing (ESing) operation within the cult. The Children of God practiced Flirty Fishing and Escort Servicing from 1974 until 1987, when it was officially abandoned, partially because of the AIDS epidemic. During this time, the women were expected to keep an exact record of their “fruits.” A 1988 statistic showed that more than 223,000 men had been “fished.” The cult generally discouraged birth control and for this reason many of the ladies became pregnant. Among the Children of God organization (today’s Family International), the unwed children were labeled Jesus babies.

Roopkund-Skeleton-Lake

The question: Who Died at Skeleton Lake?

One of the greatest mysteries of the Himalayas is a small glacial lake named Roopkund. The lake is located in the Uttarakhand state of India, at an altitude of about 5,029 meters (16,499 feet). The area surrounding the lake is completely uninhabited and the water is a five day treacherous hike from civilization. In 1942, Roopkund gained the name Skeleton Lake when over five hundred human skulls, bones and artifacts were discovered surrounding and inside the ice. These human bones have baffled scientists for decades because historians don’t understand who these people were or what they were doing so high in the mountains. Roopkund was never a historically significant region and no traces of any trade routes to Tibet have been found.

The documentary Skeleton Lake, made by the National Geographic Channel, claimed that Roopkund was the venue for the Garhwali religious festival called Nanda Jaat yatra, which is held every 12 years, but facts supporting this claim are limited. It was originally believed by specialists that the people died from an epidemic, landslide or blizzard, but after an archaeological team examined the site in 2004, it was determined that the skulls contained severe head trauma. Based on this evidence it has been hypothesized that the people died from a sudden hailstorm. It has been suggested that the hailstones were as large as tennis balls, and with no shelter in the open Himalayas, all of the people perished in the storm.

Probably the most remarkable discovery came after scientists conducted DNA tests on the bones, which proved to have a rich source of DNA material. The bodies were dated to AD 850 with a possible mistake up to 30 years. This date was 600 years earlier than initially reported. Remarkably, the experts have found that the dead individuals belonged to two different teams. One team is marked by a shorter stature of the skeletons, while the other human bones are significantly taller. The recorded DNA genetic mutations have caught the attention of the scientific community. It remains unclear exactly who these people were? What they looked like or why they were traveling in this remote area of the Himalayas?

Lake Toba-1

The question: How many Humans were Left on Earth after the Toba Supereruption?

Lake Toba is the largest volcanic lake in the world. It is located in the middle of the northern part of the Indonesian island of Sumatra, with a surface elevation of about 900 meters (2,953 ft). Lake Toba is the site of a supervolcanic eruption that occurred 69,000-77,000 years ago. The event was followed by a massive climate change on Earth. The eruption is believed to have had a VEI intensity of 8, and is thought to be the largest explosive eruption anywhere on Earth in the last 25 million years. The eruption took place in Indonesia, but it deposited an ash layer approximately 15 centimeters thick over the entirety of South Asia.

Since the discovery of the catastrophe, a wide range of theories have been studied and proposed hypothesizing on how large the explosion was and how it impacted the human population on Earth. The Toba catastrophe theory is an idea that was developed and has been supported by various anthropologists and archeologists. The theory suggests that the Lake Toba volcanic eruption had a massive global consequence on Earth, killing almost all humans and creating a population bottleneck in Central Eastern Africa and India. The theory holds that the Lake Toba supervolcanic event plunged the planet into a 6-to-10-year volcanic winter, which resulted in the world’s human population being reduced to 10,000 or even a mere 1,000 breeding pairs, creating a noticeable effect in human evolution.

It has been argued that the Toba eruption produced not only a catastrophic volcanic winter but also an additional 1,000 year cooling episode. The Toba event is the most closely studied supereruption in history. In 1993, science journalist Ann Gibbons first suggested a link between the eruption and a bottleneck in human evolution. According to the bottleneck theory, genetic evidence suggests that all humans alive today, despite an apparent variety, are descended from a very small population, perhaps between 1,000 to 10,000 breeding pairs about 70,000 years ago. The theory suggests that the volcanic eruption isolated and eliminated entire groups of people, causing worldwide vegetation destruction and severe drought in the tropical rainforest belt.

The Lake Toba supereruption may have caused modern human races to differentiate abruptly only 70,000 years ago, rather than gradually over one million years. However, this theory is largely debated in the world of archeology. Modern research conducted by archaeologist Michael Petraglia and other scientists has cast major doubt on the Toba catastrophic theory. We do understand that a major human migration occurred during this time in history. Recent analyses of mitochondrial DNA have set the estimate for the migration from Africa at 60,000–70,000 years ago, which is in line with the dating of the Toba eruption. During the subsequent tens of thousands of years, the descendants of these migrants populated Australia, East Asia, Europe and, finally, the Americas.

Adolf Hitler

The question: How would your Life be Different if Adolf Hitler Died in 1936?

The Second World War changed the landscape of human life on Earth. In January of 1933, the ailing German leader Paul von Hindenburg appointed Adolf Hitler as the Chancellor of Germany. Paul von Hindenburg passed various legislative acts that suspended German civil liberties and gave Hitler administrative control over the entire country. In 1933, the era of Nazi Germany began and Hitler laid out plans for world conquest. Adolf Hitler was a master of deception and media propaganda. In 1934, he began to display the message “One people, One Germany, One Führer.” Hitler made sure to trick foreign powers into thinking that Germany was a safe place to live. In fact, Adolf Hitler was named the U.S. Time Magazine person of the year in 1938.

During this time in German history, Adolf Hitler took control over the youth. He passed laws that forced German teachers to use Nazi propaganda. German children were taught to despise Jewish people and to show all loyalty to the Third Reich. He organized a program called Hitler’s Youth, which recruited all kids over the age of nine years. Between the years 1936-1938, over 8 million German children took part in Hitler’s Youth oath of allegiance. In 1935, Hitler passed the first laws against the Jewish population. He ordered that all Jewish people were no longer German citizens. Marriage and sexual intercourse between Germans and Jews was outlawed. At this time, Hitler pushed thousands of white Arian German women into pregnancy. He demanded that teenage girls attend Nuremberg rally camps, where they had sexual intercourse with boys and became pregnant. In 1936, nine hundred girls came home from the Nuremberg rally pregnant. Unwed mothers were knows as the Führer’s brides.

In 1938, Hitler annexed Austria under Nazi rule. This was accomplished because Mussolini’s Fascist Italy made an alliance with the Third Reich and no longer was protecting Austria. Many people welcomed Hitler into Austria, but within days of the move, 70,000 Austrians were sent to concentration camps. During the Second World War German armies occupied most of Europe. Nazi forces defeated France, took Norway, invaded Yugoslavia and Greece and occupied much of the European portion of the Soviet Union. Germany also forged alliances with Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria and, later, Finland, and collaborated with individuals in several other nations.

Hitler’s decision to launch Operation Barbarossa and attack the Soviet Union turned the tide of war. Had Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin remained in alliance how would your life be different today? Would the United States nuclear technology have been used in the European Theatre of World War II? How much influence could one man, Adolf Hitler, really have on the rise of the Third Reich in Germany? All of these questions should be considered when examining your ancestry and this dark time in human history.

Read more: http://listverse.com/2011/01/10/10-questions-to-make-you-think/

We recently took a look (at a great distance) at some of the world’s very largest things of their kind. After all that mind-boggling immensity, we decided it’d be fun to go in the other direction and scale down . . . way, way down. All of the things on this list are man-made, and they are all functional, just like their regular-sized counterparts.

10 Gun

10

According to the company website, the Swiss MiniGun is “a double action revolver and has all the same features as are found on a real size gun.” As the name implies, the gun and its components are Swiss-made, which kind of makes sense—a country famous for the quality of its clocks and watches should have no trouble with a working pistol the size of a thumb drive.

The six-shot revolver fires 2.3-caliber, 1.97-grain bullets, which are made by the same company, and even produces a tiny little kick as it shoots these tiny little bullets at a muzzle velocity of around 400 feet per second—right around the same as your average child’s BB gun and capable of doing about the same amount of damage.

Of course, there are still those who are up in arms, so to speak, about the alleged weapon’s potential concealability, which we suppose is a valid argument. Even the slowest, smallest projectile can injure or kill if placed properly, and despite the fact that it looks almost exactly like a key chain, the Swiss MiniGun is, in fact, a gun—the smallest in the world.

9 Model Train Set

9

The little countryside diorama seen above is impressive enough in its incredibly small scale, but look closely— there’s a train track, and a five-car train runs around and around on it. It’s the world’s tiniest model train, and it was built by New Jersey model train enthusiast David Smith for about $12.

It’s part of a larger, very post-modern project—another large train set, which is an entire model village that contains . . . a model of a model shop, with smaller models inside. This little thing is powered by a five-centimeter (two inch) motor carved out of plastic. In fact, all of the parts were carved out of plastic by hand—the hand that is holding the finished work in the picture above, which just doesn’t seem possible.

Smith says that the entire larger project, which he calls “James River Branch,” will take him two and a half years to complete, and “is going to be very impressive once it is finished,” demonstrating a consistent gift for understatement. In terms of scale, the larger village is being built to 1:220. This little model train, the smallest anywhere, is built to 1:35,200 scale. Here is a video of it in action.

8 Car

8

First manufactured from 1962 to 1965, the Peel P50 Microcar gained renewed attention after 6’5″ Jeremy Clarkson took one for a drive on a 2008 episode of the popular British TV series Top Gear. The smallest production car ever was sold in Great Britain for about £200; its 49cc engine was mated to a three-speed manual transmission (no reverse), and it also had three wheels. Other than that, they had one of everything: one seat, one door, one windshield wiper, and one headlight.

In its original run, only about 50 were made. Thanks to renewed interest in minis (not to mention the exposure on Top Gear), the company has been revived after a slight hiatus of 50 years. The new Peels are almost exact replicas and come in gas or electric. The P50 now tops out at 72 kilometers per hour (45 mph), as opposed to about 56 kph (35 mph) for the original, with the slightly larger two-headlight Trident model managing about 69 kph (43 mph). The P50 is 137 centimeters (54 in) long—less than 1.6 meters (5.5 ft).

We know what you’re thinking: What kind of mileage do they get? The gas model P50 delivers better than 241 kilometers (150 mi) to the gallon, with the Trident getting a whopping 338 kpg (210 mpg)—which sounds great, until you consider that the gas tank must have roughly the capacity of your average lawnmower. Strangely, the company website doesn’t mention gas tank capacity.

7 Camera

Kameras aus dem Salzstreuer

In 2011, researchers at Germany’s Fraunhofer Institute introduced a new kind of disposable camera. While this in itself may not sound particularly impressive, its medical application—capturing images inside the body—is very valuable, and it can do this because of its freakish size. These easy-to-manufacture, inexpensive disposable cameras are one cubic millimeter, or about the size of a coarse grain of salt.

The cameras are meant to be disposed of after one medical procedure, and while their resolution doesn’t seem spectacular (0.06 megapixels—far less than even a cheap cell phone), it’s good enough for the job they were designed for. And their size makes them able to get to places within the body that, obviously, no other camera could. (Yes, that’s a syringe in the picture above.)

Also, they could be an effective replacement for standard endoscopes, which are expensive and costly to maintain. It seems a matter of time, as well, before we start hearing about the applications of such tiny image sensors in consumer products. It also seems likely, judging by the last decade or two of explosive technological leaps, that the resolution will improve dramatically, and soon.

6 Personal Computer

6

Speaking of which, Norway’s FXI technologies has brought to market a personal microcomputer, in the truest sense of the word. That machine in the image is not a USB drive; in fact, there is a micro USB port on that machine. It is the FXI Cotton Candy, and it’s a fully functional PC capable of running Android or Ubuntu operating systems.

Specifications? Absolutely: a 1.2 GHz dual core ARM main processor and a 1 GHz quad-core ARM graphics processor, with 1 GB of RAM memory and a micro SD card slot capable of supporting up to 64 GB of storage. FXI will load it for you with either operating system, and it also packs Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, and full 1080p HD video output.

A keyboard/mouse combo can easily be connected to its micro USB port, and it’s easy to connect to any standard HD display as shown in this video. The price? According to the company website, the price is $200. The video link shows one of these computers running Android and flawlessly playing a full HD video file. Since we literally have cheap, reasonably powerful personal computers smaller than our thumbs, we’re thinking it’s now safe to refer to the era in which we’re living as “the future.”

5 Ocean-Faring Vessel

Yrvind

Sven Yrvind of Sweden is a respected, master boat-builder, which is the only reason anyone believes the septuagenarian (74 as of 2013) when he tells them what his plan is. He’s building a boat in which he will sail around the world, but not just any boat—the smallest ocean-faring boat ever built, which is roughly the size of a large hot tub. In it, Sven plans to circumnavigate the globe, nonstop without docking, in about a year and a half.

Sven insists that the diminutive size of the boat doesn’t increase the danger of the mission, since larger boats have more mass with which to cause havoc when the ocean doesn’t cooperate. He says his craft is designed to be tossed about, pitched, and even capsized—only to bob back to the surface like a cork. It’s 1.5 tons of fiberglass cork smashed into just three meters (10 ft), but a cork nonetheless.

The boat is equipped with gel batteries and a foot crank for power, can also harness wind and solar energy, and can collect and purify rainwater. He’ll be bringing along just enough food—800 pounds of muesli and sardines—to complete the trip. Why sail around the world in such a tiny vessel? Sven said, “I want to show people that we can live in a small space and still be happy . . . We need to get back to nature. We need to hear and listen to our inner voice.” We wish him luck, and hope that he doesn’t get sick and tired of said inner voice on his trip.

4 Television Screen

4

In 2007, Guinness World Records recognized Scottish firm MicroEmissive’s ME1602 as the smallest television screen in existence. As of this writing—and despite the aforementioned tech explosions of recent years—it’s a record that still stands.

Sure, the resolution isn’t great. With a display of roughly 4×3 millimeters in surface area, there are only so many pixels you can cram in there (160×120—almost 30,000 pixels).

But the little displays are mainly used as components in viewfinders and other things that require, well, extremely tiny embedded displays. In August 2013, the company signed a pretty rich deal with an “unnamed Asian consumer-products manufacturer” to provide displays for them. Inquiries have also come in from the medical establishment and, of course, the military.

Since we know some of you are curious (we sure were), we did the math: Remember the largest video screen in the world from the previous list? You could fit 283,333,333 of the smallest screens in the world inside of it.

3 Jet Airplane

3

From the late 1960s to mid-1970s, the Bede Aircraft Corporation, a small company led by US plane designer Jim Bede, manufactured a kit for a small aircraft that sold over 5,000 units. This craft, the Bede BD-5J was, is, and is likely to remain the smallest jet-powered aircraft in the world, weighing just over 350 pounds.

Since the company discontinued due to its bankruptcy, only a few hundred of the kits were completed, but they are remarkably sound, fully functional jet planes capable of speeds up to 483 kilometers per hour (300 mph) on 225 pounds of thrust from its Sermel TRS 18 Microturbo jet engine. The planes were popular in the ’80s in airshows, and also turned up in beer commercials and the opening sequence of the James Bond film Octopussy.

Specs varied by model, but generally, the BD-5J has a four- to six-meter (14–20 ft) wingspan, can weigh no more than about 1,000 pounds on takeoff, has a range of about 483 kilometers (300 mi), and a maximum cruising altitude of 7,010 meters (23,000 ft)—fine for a jetliner, but (we imagine) abjectly terrifying in a craft no larger than your average sedan.

2 Drone

2

Yes, it is technically a drone, but the RoboBee is, well, exactly what the name implies: a very, very small drone that is directly inspired by insect biology. And it has many interesting potential applications beyond just spying.

For instance, it’s easy to imagine swarms of robot bees being very useful in hazardous environment assessments, say, in the aftermath of a nuclear plant accident or a natural disaster, or in search-and-rescue situations. Roboticists at Harvard, where the RoboBee was developed, also see them perhaps being used in weather and traffic monitoring, climate mapping, and other such already-entrenched technologies that the drones could further improve.

For that matter, you may have heard that actual honeybee colonies have been declining, potentially causing a host of problems for the rest of the planet’s creatures. This may not be so worrisome if we are able to deploy vast swarms of artificial bees, programmed to pollinate just like real ones, to compensate—another very realistic task for the RoboBee.

1 Artificial Heart

1

Finally, we have this little device, created by Dr. Robert Jarvik—the man many credit with the invention and perfection of the artificial heart. And that’s exactly what that battery-sized device is: the world’s smallest artificial heart, for the world’s smallest artificial heart patient.

The 16-month-old baby had dilated cardiomyopathy, a degenerative condition of the heart wall, and was awaiting a transplant. But with no donor immediately forthcoming, doctors were forced to improvise. Jarvik’s device, an implantable pump weighing all of 11 grams (an adult artificial heart weighs 900 grams), had only been tested on animals. (It is connected to tubes that must run outside the body, thus escalating the risk of infection.) But in May 2012, with nothing to lose, the doctors proceeded to remove the infant’s heart and replace it with the device in the image above, where it remained for 13 days.

This was, of course, how long it took for a transplant donor to be found, and while the device would not have kept the patient alive indefinitely, the doctors who participated say that this could definitely be on the horizon. We find this to likely be an understatement. At the rate technology continues to shrink, we can see an easily removable, shot glass–sized RoboHeart with a 300-year warranty on the shelf before we’re old enough to need one.

Read more: http://listverse.com/2013/08/18/10-smallest-things-of-their-kind-in-the-world/

1. Aerosmith’s “I Don’t Want to Miss a Thing” was originally written for Celine Dion.
2. The song “Torn” by Natalie Imbruglia is actually a cover. The original is by Ednaswap.
3. “Tainted Love” is a cover as well. The original is by Gloria Jones and came out in 1964.
4. ALSO “Girls Just Wanna Have Fun” is a cover by some dude. The original is by a guy named Robert Hazard.
5. One last one: “I Love Rock & Roll” is a cover. It was originally by The Arrows, not Joan Jett.
6. The song “Sweet Child of Mine” was written in five minutes.

7. The song “Like a Virgin” is actually about a guy getting over a breakup.
8. Little Richard’s “Tutti Frutti” is actually about anal sex.
9. The song “Summer of 69” by Bryan Adams is about 69’ing, like, sexually. In this interview, he said: “Some parts [of the song] are autobiographical, but the title comes from the idea of 69 as a metaphor for sex. Most people thought it was about the year 1969.”
10. Serial killer Aileen Wuornos was obsessed with Natalie Merchant’s “Carnival.” She requested they play it at her funeral.

11. Billy Joel’s “Only the Good Die Young” is about a man trying to convince a Catholic girl to lose her virginity to him.
12. Sarah McLachlan’s song “Angel” is about heroin addiction.
13. The song “Closing Time” by Semisonic is not about closing a bar, it’s about the birth of the lead singer’s daughter.
14. “Zombie” by The Cranberries is about terrorism in Northern Ireland.
15. “Slide” by The Goo Goo Dolls is about abortion.

16. “Brick” by Ben Folds Five is also about abortion.
17. And “The Freshman” by The Verve Pipe is about abortion as well.
18. Shel Silverstein wrote “A Boy Named Sue.”
19. “Gettin’ Jiggy wit It” was written by Nas.
20. The song “Scary Monsters and Nice Sprites” samples this YouTube video of a girl stacking cups. “OH MY GOSH.”

21. Justin Timberlake’s “Rock Your Body” was written by Pharrell for Michael Jackson’s final album, Invincible.
22. “…Baby One More Time” was rejected by TLC.
23. Rihanna’s “Umbrella” was supposed to be a Britney Spears song.
24. Leona Lewis was originally supposed to sing Rihanna’s “We Found Love.”
25. “Toxic” was intended for Kylie Minogue, not Britney Spears.
26. Britney Spears’ “I’m a Slave 4 U” was written for Janet Jackson.
27. “Semi-Charmed Life” is about a couple on a crystal meth binge.

28. “1985” by Bowling for Soup is originally by the band SR-71.
29. “Red Red Wine” by UB40 was originally recorded by Neil Diamond
30. Prince wrote Sinead O’Connor’s “Nothing Compares 2 U.”

31. “The Way” by Fastball is about an elderly couple who went missing and were later found dead in a ravine.
32. Bruce Springsteen wrote “Blinded by the Light.”
33. “Since U Been Gone” was turned down by Pink and Hilary Duff before Kelly Clarkson recorded it.
34. Bruno Mars wrote CeeLo Green’s “Fuck You.”
35. “Me and Mr. Jones” by Amy Winehouse is about Nas.

36. Avril Lavigne helped write the Kelly Clarkson song “Breakaway.” It was meant to go on Avril’s first album, the one with “Sk8er Boi” and “Complicated,” but it didn’t really fit with her image.
37. “How Will I Know” by Whitney Houston was originally supposed to be for Janet Jackson.
38. Kylie Minogue’s “Can’t Get You Out of My Head” was written for S Club 7.
39. Jesse McCartney wrote Leona Lewis’ “Bleeding Love.”
40. Frank Ocean wrote the Justin Bieber song “Bigger.”

41. Aretha Franklin’s “Respect” was written by Otis Redding. You can listen to his version here.
42. “You Oughta Know” by Alanis Morissette is about Dave Coulier (from Full House).
43. “Ben” by Michael Jackson was originally intended for Donny Osmond.
44. Eve 6’s “Here’s to the Night” is about a one-night stand.
45. Miley Cyrus’ “We Can’t Stop” was originally intended for Rihanna.
46. “Bad” was originally supposed to be a duet between Michael Jackson and Prince.

47. The song “Hey Ya” by Outkast is actually about a man stuck in a loveless relationship.
48. The DMB song “Crash” is sung from the perspective of a peeping tom.
49. “Disturbia” by Rihanna was originally a Chris Brown song.
50. Billy Joel’s “Uptown Girl” MAY actually be about his then-fling, Elle Macpherson.
51. Peter Gabriel’s “In Your Eyes” is about his then-girlfriend, Rosanna Arquette.
52. Lori Lieberman wrote “Killing Me Softly,” not Roberta Flack.
53. Shania Twain or Faith Hill were both given the opportunity to record Beyoncé’s “Irreplaceable.”

54. “Candle in the Wind” was originally written about Marilyn Monroe but rewritten about Princess Diana when she was killed and titled “Goodbye England’s Rose.”
55. Bob Marley’s “I Shot The Sheriff” is about birth control. Bob Marley didn’t want his girlfriend to take birth control pills. The doctor who prescribed the pills was the sheriff.
56. The song “There She Goes” by Sixpence None the Richer is about heroin. The song was actually originally by The La’s too.
57. LFO’s “Girl on TV” is about Jennifer Love Hewitt.
58. Usher’s “Burn” is about Chilli from TLC.
59. The song “Hollaback Girl” by Gwen Stefani was written in response to something Courtney Love said about Gwen in Seventeen magazine.
60. Madonna’s “Take a Bow” is reportedly about Sean Penn.

61. “Hero” by Mariah Carey was originally intended for Gloria Estefan.
62. Lady Gaga’s “Telephone” was originally written for Britney Spears. You can listen to Britney’s demo here.
63. Prince wrote The Bangles’ “Manic Monday.”
64. The song “Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds” is not about an LSD trip. It’s about a painting John Lennon’s son drew for him.
65. Prince’s song “1999” is about nuclear war.

Note: Some of these have been corrected and changed thanks in part to readers like you.

Read more: http://buzzfeed.com/mjs538/songs-youll-never-be-able-to-listen-to-the-same-way-again

Crazy Soccer Player Plays With Wild Lions

South African zookeeper Kevin Richardson has been working with wild lions for nearly his entire life. He feeds them, hugs them, and even sleeps with them. But he has taken things to the next level in this new viral video commissioned by fashion company Van Gils. To bring attention to the destruction of lion habitats in Africa, Kevin plays soccer, aka football, with a pride of wild lions. Of course, they cheat a little by using all fours, but that’s understandable.

 

Read more: http://www.viralviralvideos.com/2014/05/19/crazy-soccer-player-plays-with-wild-lions/

Carlo Allegri / Reuters

There’s a stereotype of the scene backstage at fashion shows: starving, underage models on a clandestine search for a mere blueberry to hold them over, hoping designers — who need them to fit into sample sizes — won’t notice. It’s not a flattering picture of the industry, which is why fashion industry leaders are actively trying to change it.

The Council of Fashion Designers of America, an kind of de facto guild of the country’s top fashion designers, just announced that they’ve brokered a deal for models to secure healthy food for 50% off when they’re in New York for Fashion Week, which starts on February 7.

“Models have described the difficulty of finding food that is both nutritious and convenient during Fashion Week. Please keep this in mind for both backstage and fittings,” the CFDA wrote in a letter from its President, Diane Von Furstenberg and CEO, Steven Kolb. “To address this issue, we have partnered with Organic Avenue during Fashion Week and continuing through March 31, Organic Avenue will provide support and education to models in addition to a generously discounted rate of 50% on all cold-pressed juices and food. We hope that this will give models both guidance and the added nutrition they need during this demanding time!”

The deal won’t exactly have models scarfing down cheeseburgers and milkshakes. Organic Avenue’s limited menu includes offerings like Dandelion-Kale Salad and Crudite With Tahini. The chain, which has 9 locations in Manhattan, is also popular among fans of the juice cleanse. But at $9 to $12 for one small bottle of green juice, or $75 to $90 for a one day juice cleanse, it’s an expensive way to stay full, even with a half-off discount.

Particularly for the young models who will walk shows during New York. Though modeling can be wildly lucrative at the level of Gisele, young runway models have historically been lucky to get paid at all, with designers famously trying to compensate in clothes rather than cash. A recent documentary, Girl Model detailed the unglamorous lives of struggling young models, and a group of models have also started a group called the Model Alliance, a kind of union to protect up and coming models from being exploited or treated unfairly.

The CFDA letter also noted that designers need to check ID’s to make sure models are at least 16 years old and should also pay attention to child labor laws. It’s a step in the right direction, but it’s also not new: the CFDA Health Initiative has been saying this since 2007.

Read more: http://buzzfeed.com/hillaryreinsberg/fashion-week-is-giving-models-food-for-half-off

While flipping through the pages of your favorite book or maybe listening to the chorus of a favorite song, you might begin to wonder what was going through the mind of that artist. That’s almost impossible to know for sure, but we are able to know the next best thing: what the rooms of these creative geniuses looked like when they worked on their legendary projects. Check it out!

John Lennon and Yoko Ono, musician and artists.

Jane Austen, writer.

Mark Twain, writer.

Virginia Woolf, writer.

Al Gore, former United States vice president.

Susan Sontag, writer and filmmaker.

Charlotte Brontë, writer.

Tina Fey, writer and actress.

Anne Sexton, poet.

George Bernard Shaw, playwright.

Pablo Picasso, artist.

Rudyard Kipling, writer.

Roald Dahl, children’s author.

Albert Einstein, theoretical physicist.

Georgia O’Keefe, painter.

Yves Sain Laurent, fashion designer.

Adrian Tomine, graphic novelist.

Jackson Pollock, painter.

John Updike, writer.

Nigella Lawson, food writer.

Francis Bacon, painter.

E.B. White, writer.

Alexander Calder, sculpter.

Chip Kidd, book cover designer.

David Hockney, painter.

Joan Miró, artist.

Colm Tóibín, writer.

Marc Chagall, painter.

Woody Allen, filmmaker.

Lisa Congdon, illustrator.

Marc Johns, illustrator.

Amanda Hesser, food writer.

Ray Eames, designer and artist.

Mark Rothko, painter.

William Buckley, writer and commentator.

Martin Amis, writer.

Milton Glaser, graphic designer.

Nikki McClure, illustrator.

Paul Cézanne, painter.

Yoshitomo Nara, artist.

Orla Keily, fashion designer.

Susan Orlean, journalist.

Willem de Kooning, artist.

Ruth Reichl, food writer.

Will Self, writer.

(via: BuzzFeed and Flavorwire.) This makes me feel a whole lot better about my messy room. Share with your friends by clicking the link below!

Read more: http://viralnova.com/famous-workspaces/